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GOVERNMENT Presidential republic
INTERNAL DIVISION Armenia consists of 11 mrazs (regions).
SQUARE 29,743 km²
CLIMATE Subtropical, continental, temperate
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE Armenian language
CURRENCY Armenian dram
POPULATION 3 million
NATION Armenians (97.89%), Yezidis (2.11%), Russians (0.46%)
RELIGION Secular state

State flag

The national flag of Armenia (Arm. Եռագույն “Eraguin”) is a rectangular panel of three horizontal stripes: the top one is red, the middle one is blue and the bottom one is orange. 

Officially assigned color meanings:
Red the color symbolizes the Armenian highlands, the struggle of the Armenian people for survival, the Christian faith, the freedom and independence of Armenia;
The blue color symbolizes the will of the people to live under a peaceful sky;
The orange color denotes the talent and ability to work of the people of Armenia.

National emblem

The coat of arms consists of the following elements: Shield - in the center - Mount Ararat, which is a symbol of the Armenian nation, on its top is Noah's Ark. 

The shield is divided into 4 sections, which symbolize the four independent Armenian kingdoms in the history of Armenia:< br> upper left - Bagratids,
upper right - Arshakids,
lower left - Artashesids,
lower right - Rubenids.

Lion and Eagle, who support the shield, are the kings of the animal world and symbolize wisdom, pride, patience and nobility. For many centuries they have been symbols of royal families.

Applying for a visa to Armenia

Russians do not need a visa to travel to Armenia. The maximum stay in the country is 180 days per half year.

How to get to Armenia from Russia on your own

The most convenient way to get to Armenia from Russia is by air. Direct flights are operated by Pobeda, Aeroflot, S7, UTAir, Ural Airlines, VIM, Georgian Airways from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Krasnodar, Sochi and other major Russian cities.


As an independent state, Armenia was formed relatively recently   - after the 1991 referendum. Until that moment, the country was part of the Soviet Union for 70 years. 
The rich history of the country has more than 2500 years. During this time, Armenia has almost always been in military conflicts. There were a lot of people who wanted to take possession of the valuable territory.  Persians, Arabs, Turks, Romans, the Russian Empire and other nations.

One of the most tragic dates in the history of the country is the genocide of 1894-1916.  At that time, more than 2.5 million Armenians were persecuted by the Turkish government. Day of mourning for the dead is April 24th. On this day, thousands of Armenians come to churches and memorials to honor the memory of their ancestors. At the moment, there is not a single Armenian family that this tragedy would not have touched.

You can get to Armenia by plane -  the most convenient and fastest way. During the morning flights, passengers watch a stunning picture - the sunrise from behind Mount Ararat. 

The country's main airport, Zvartonts, serves more than 2 million passengers a year. It should be noted that over the past 10 years, passenger traffic has doubled.

Regular buses or taxis run from the airport to the city. Taking into account the small remoteness of the air harbor from Yerevan, it will be convenient and inexpensive to get there by car.

The capital is located on a volcanic plateau north of the Ararat valley. 
Even at the entrance to the city you notice architectural features - almost all buildings have a pinkish tint. This is due to the fact that the buildings here are built mainly from tuff, which is mined in a large deposit near the city of Artik.  Houses, monuments, souvenirs - stone is a widespread material in the country.

It is difficult to describe Armenia in a few words. But what is felt right away is cordiality and calmness. According to the international rating, Armenia is on the 25th line of the safest countries in the world. And indeed -  here you can walk with pleasure at night, admiring the ancient architecture and not worry about your life. In general, tourists begin their acquaintance with the country from the center of Yerevan.
The famous Cascade, the Opera House and the Republic Square are located here.
A distinctive feature of buildings in Armenia is their scale.
For example, the Cascade, which is an architectural and park complex, has a length of 500 meters, and the difference between the base and the top of the structure is 100 meters. Inside there are exhibition halls where art from different eras is presented, cafes and small shops. 

As a rule, shopping is an integral part of any trip. 
In any in the souvenir shop you will find a duduk - a national musical instrument that looks like a pipe, or clay vases, which are decorated with ancient ethnic ornaments. 
Prices for locally produced products will pleasantly surprise you. The main rule is to bargain. In Armenia, this is welcomed not only in the markets, but also in shops.

Armenian cuisine and, of course, wine deserve special attention.
Simple in appearance, but difficult to prepare - that's what distinguishes Armenian dishes. The culinary tradition of this country is one of the oldest in Europe. Most of the dishes are from meat, which is associated with the developed cattle breeding in the country. It is noteworthy that most of the dishes are named after the dishes in which they are made.  The most popular meat product, basturma, can be bought at any store. And connoisseurs of strong drinks will be pleasantly surprised by the wealth of choice. Brandy factories Ararat and Noy, known throughout the world, & nbsp; located in Yerevan - you can go there on an excursion and buy a couple of bottles of a fragrant drink for yourself or as a gift.

Due to the location, the climate of Armenia varies from dry to sharply continental. Hot summers and snowy winters. The country is good for tourism at any time of the year. 

To see all the beauty of nature  and enjoy walks in the ancient cities, it is better to come to Armenia in spring or autumn. At this time of the year, the air warms up to 25 degrees during the day, & nbsp; and at night the temperature drops to 9 degrees and below, which is typical for the predominantly mountainous area of the country.

In summer, residents go to the beaches of the largest lake - Sevan. 
Open Air Museum located  in the eastern part of Armenia. Rare species of fish live in the lake, and on the coast there is the ancient temple of Sev Vank (which means “black monastery”) - the lake was named after him.

The country's flora and fauna are rich. More than seventeen thousand mammals and 3500 plants. Diversity of flora and fauna  due to the diversity of relief and climate.  Rare Iranian bears are found in the mountains, and steppe cats and many rodents are found on the plains.

In the south, perhaps the most popular attraction of Armenia is Tatev Monastery. The architectural complex dates back to 906 AD. and was founded by the princely couple of the Suni dynasty. B  at different times on the monastery territory were located & nbsp; university, 680 villages and up to 1000 monks lived. There are two ways to get to the monastery - the “Wings of Tatev” cable car or along the “road of death”, passing through the gorge leading to the monastery - that's what the locals call it. 

  of the unofficial symbols of Armenia is  Ararat. According to legend, it is in the ice of a frozen volcano that Noah's Ark is located - the great shrine of all Christians.
But, it is worth noting that since 1921 & nbsp; the mountain is located in Turkey.  Therefore, Aragats is considered the highest point of Armenia. 

Armenia has made a great contribution to the development of world civilization.

Culture, science, medicine, philosophy - this is an incomplete list of areas that contributed to the development  ; representatives of the Armenian people.

Armenia became the first state in which Christianity became the state religion. It happened in 301 AD  and largely determined  national flavor of the country.

World medicine is obliged to the invention  MRI to Raymond Damadian. 
It was he who invented a new method for detecting cancer in tissues. In 1977  the first experiments were carried out for human research using magnetic resonance therapy, which have been successful.  To date  MRI diagnostics  - the most effective method for detecting oncology. 

Few people know, but the American dollar owes its special green color to the Armenian chemist Christafor Ter-Sorobyan. It was he who created the color of banknotes, which was impossible to fake.

Great and unconquered  Armenia fascinates with its history and surprises with the resilience of the spirit of the people.  Thousands of years later, she remains  the guardian of Christian civilization and ancient culture, which is of interest to millions of people.

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