The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the political leadership of all countries to reconsider development priorities, and civil society has also changed. How is the situation in the EAEU countries?
Irina Sergeevna Shushpanova, Candidate of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Academic Secretary of the Institute for Socio-Political Research of the Federal Scientific Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, presented the results of social monitoring conducted by the team ISPI FNISC RAS, among respondents from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia.
The IAC MGU summarized some of the answers of the respondents:
What complicates things personally Your life and the life of your family?
prices for goods and services. The most acute problem is seen by Kazakhstan - 59% of respondents and Kyrgyzstan - 68%. The Covid-19 pandemic ranks second among the aspects that complicate the lives of citizens. Citizens also find a high level of corruption, the dominance of bureaucracy (about 40% of respondents on average) and the deterioration of the environmental situation as a significant problem. The spread of political and religious extremism and the loss of national culture cause the least concern (no more than 7%).
How do you assess the current economic situation in the country?
13.1% of citizens of Kazakhstan consider the economic situation in their countries to be calm and favorable, 9% - of respondents from the Russian Federation, 4.9% - from Kyrgyzstan and 1.9% - from Armenia. Respondents see the tense (crisis) situation in their countries in almost the same way - 70% of the respondents. 21.7% of respondents from Armenia consider the situation explosive. Citizens of Kazakhstan are the least concerned - 7.6%.
How do you assess the actions of the central authorities of your country in the fight against coronavirus?
The results showed a heterogeneity of opinions on this issue. From 20 to 25% of respondents from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia believe that all necessary measures have been taken. The majority, approximately 50%, consider the measures to be insufficient. The results of a survey of Russian citizens are very different. Only 12% of respondents were positive about the measures taken. 30% of respondents find the measures excessive.
What problems did you and your family personally face in the context of the spread of coronavirus infection and the introduction of the self-isolation regime?
The most common problems were reduction or loss of income, increase in prices for goods and services. The first consequence of COVID-19, according to the respondents, is more typical for citizens of Armenia and Kazakhstan, the second - for Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. About 35% of all respondents noted difficulties in remote work and study, problems in obtaining medical care and other services.
To what extent are you afraid of the following events and phenomena related to the coronavirus pandemic?
Respondents from Kyrgyzstan are the most concerned about mandatory vaccination against COVID-2019, while respondents from Kazakhstan are the least concerned. High inflation, rising prices and a reduction in wages - 65-70% - cause great concern among all respondents. Respondents from Kyrgyzstan and Armenia will experience the most anxiety. The problem that worries the respondents the least is the inability to go on vacation and have a good rest: 41.5% of respondents from Armenia said they were not worried about this issue, 35% each from Kazakhstan and Russia, 27.6% - citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Which judgments about the pandemic do you agree with?
The largest number of respondents expressed the opinion that the pandemic is leading to a global crisis, which will be used by big business to buy up bankrupt companies - 80-85%. A popular opinion is that pharmaceutical companies conduct research with unpredictable genetic and social consequences from 56% (answers from Kazakhstan) to 74% (respondents from Kyrgyzstan). The theory of the emergence of a pandemic as a result of uncontrolled migration and tourism is also actively supported by about 70% of all respondents. Opinions are denied that the pandemic is a myth that politicians and big business impose on society in their own interests, and that Covid-19 was specially created by the world community to destroy the elderly population.
The lecture was held as part of the second stage of the International program "MediAsia": Bishkek week, which will last until July 18, 2021
The Mediation program includes four country weeks, which will be held from June 21 to September 12, 2021.
The event is organized by Information -Analytical Center of Moscow State University (IAC MSU) | Ia-centr.ru with the support of the Presidential Grants Fund.
A detailed video of the meeting, as well as the entire program of the International Program "MediAsia" are available on the Facebook page.
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