On August 17, 2021, within the framework of the international program "MediAsia": Tashkent Week, a lecture "Central Asia 30 years later" was held.
The expert was Ravshan Rinatovich Nazarov, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages and Humanities, Tashkent branch of the G.V. Plekhanov, honorary professor of Shaanxi Pedagogical University.
The editors of the portal Ia-centr.ru summarized some of the expert's theses and provided the material to the editors of the media resource "Greater Asia".
Why did the countries of the region fail to create a strong Central Asian union 30 years after the collapse of the USSR, and what are the chances for the near future? < /p>
For 30 years, the countries of Central Asia have repeatedly tried to create some kind of integration formats. In 2002-2005 even there was OCAC (Organization of Central Asian Cooperation). However, the leaders quickly realized that the format was not quite viable, and a decision was made to merge the CACO with the EurAsEC. At present, it is desirable for all Central Asian states to become members of the EAEU (Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan are already members, Uzbekistan has joined as an observer, Tajikistan is seriously considering the possibility of joining). True, Turkmenistan remains with its concept of "eternal neutrality". But, perhaps, its internal socio-economic problems, as well as successes in the development of the EAEU, will change the point of view of the leadership of Turkmenistan on the possibility of participating in integration formats.
The real chances of Central Asian integration lie in joining the EAEU and forming a kind of Central Asian sector within the EAEU.
What direction should be fundamental for successful regional integration?
Any successful integration, of course, must begin with strengthening trade and economic cooperation ( including the growth of cross-border trade, the creation of free trade zones, etc.). A very important aspect, especially for our region, is cultural and humanitarian cooperation in the fields of science, art, culture, sports, and tourism. In the political and legal sphere, it is desirable for the Central Asian states to unify their legislation (especially in the areas of customs regulation, taxation, human rights, etc.).
In your opinion, has the socio-economic situation of the Central Asian states improved over the past 30 years compared to when they were part of the Soviet Union?
Changes have taken place, and quite serious ones. But here it is necessary to distinguish several stages, according to at least - 3 stages of 10 years. The first period - recession and crisis, caused by the collapse of the USSR, the severance of traditional socio-economic ties with Russia and other republics, the closure (or reduction) of a number of industries. The second period is gradual stabilization of the socio-economic situation. The third period is the gradual growth of GDP, the expansion of economic cooperation with various countries and regions.
In the future, will cooperation between the Central Asian states strengthen or worsen?
The Central Asian states have no other way but to strengthen and develop cooperation in all areas. These are socio-economic cooperation, cultural and humanitarian, security (taking into account the aggravation of the situation in Afghanistan, the growth of radicalism and extremism around the world), ecology (especially problems with water).Absolutely any formats - CA-five, CA+Russia, CA+China, CA+EU. But I belong to that group of experts who believe that the best format is the entry of all Central Asian states into the EAEU.
What are the prospects for the development of Uzbekistan and Central Asia as a whole in the coming years?
Uzbekistan is currently experiencing a serious upswing in the areas of economy, technology, international growth cooperation both within the framework of Central Asia and the CIS, and on a wider arena. Uzbekistan has become more attentive to integration projects, has become an observer in the EAEU (in the near future it will become a full-fledged member of the EAEU), is strengthening military-technical cooperation with Russia and the Central Asian countries (the issue of restoring Uzbekistan's full membership in the CSTO is being seriously considered in connection with the aggravation of the situation in Afghanistan and the rise of international extremism). The Central Asian states must take into account all real threats (extremism, radicalism, terrorism, drug trafficking, environmental challenges, water shortages, population growth and unemployment, etc.), and join their efforts in the fight against real problems and challenges.
A more detailed video of the meeting, as well as the entire program of the International Program "MediAsia" are available on the page Facebook.
The Mediation program includes four country weeks, which will run from June 21 to September 12, 2021
The event is organized by the Information and Analytical Center of Moscow State University (IAC MSU)| Ia-centr.ru with the support of the Presidential Grants Fund.
Register The next stage of the program in Nur-Sultan is already open.