The canons of physical beauty are different for many peoples - in some countries of the world they are so different from the standards we are used to that sometimes you are surprised when looking at the "bodily frills" of the human mind.
In Hinduism, for example, there is a belief that people who have a bodily defect are supposedly deeds in previous reincarnations. In one of the Chinese ancient treatises, the thought of the misfortunes that befell a nation is permeated by the fact that, they say, a person with physical deformity comes to power - it is he who provokes a series of events that eventually bring misfortune to all the people . Isn't that why the Vestals of Ancient Rome - the priestesses of fire - became only virgin girls who did not have bodily flaws? It was believed that only a person close to perfection could "show the way." However, over time, the canons of the beauty of the human body have constantly changed.
Borneo. Malaysia. Photo: thefigureoffun.blogspot.com
So, for example, among many nations, bodily imperfection began to symbolize being chosen: lameness or blindness was considered a sign of wisdom and even magical power, which , sorcerers and storytellers. In this context, we can recall the biblical patriarch Jacob, who was lame, like the ancient Russian hero Ilya Muromets. Prophetic Odin, the god of the Scandinavian Vikings, was blind in one eye, and the legendary Homer was completely blind. And nothing - fairy tales and legends are composed about them. & nbsp; So it's an indisputable fact! - the views of peoples on the beauty of the human body differ markedly: someone is specially fattened, someone changes their skin color, someone stretches their necks and ears, and somewhere they even artificially shorten their feet. Come figure it out! After all, everything is done in the name of beauty!
All peoples attach importance to the beauty of the body and physical usefulness. In particular, this applies to women - forgive the author of these words, fans of the cult of the male body! Since ancient times, people have been looking for the ideal of girlish beauty - they are still looking for it. Moreover, in some African and Asian countries they find such that many Europeans have their hair on end from it. No, whatever one may say, you should not joke with beauty - everyone has their own, and the standards of "strange" beauty have been formed for many centuries.
Some Japanese women blacken their teeth on purpose. Photo: ok.ru
Who knows, maybe back in the Stone Age the first fashionista accidentally pulled out her earlobe, becoming for a long time a model for many generations of women who were not averse to keeping up with fashion . Otherwise, why, for example, the inhabitants of the island of Borneo in Malaysia from childhood torture themselves by pulling their earlobes, hanging on them quite decent weights in the form of weights. Periodically, their weight grows - and now several kilograms hang on the woman's ears. The most attractive is the one whose earlobes touch the shoulders. The image is completed by tattoos on the arms - from the fingertips to the elbows. They are made in the form of lace.
Do you think that any beautiful woman should have perfect white teeth? No matter how! Many Central Asian women will disagree with you. Otherwise, chewing betel nut and poisonous nuts to make the mouth red, sticky and "toothless" they would not. They say that this custom carries a great semantic meaning: supposedly, local men see “toothless” women as children who are weak and defenseless. Therefore, they need patronage, giving love and reverence in return.
Some Japanese women intentionally blacken their teeth and completely pluck their eyebrows. And women of the Japanese Ainu tribe apply tattoos on and around their lips, thus deliberately enlarging their mouths. It was once believed that this was the way to scare away evil spirits.
Alatani woman. India. Photo: nauka.boltai.com
In India, in the north-east of the country, the Apatani tribe lives. His women pierce the wings of the nose, inserting corks into the resulting holes. What for? The explanation couldn't be easier. It turns out that men are to blame for everything, who once forced their ladies to disfigure themselves so that competitors from neighboring tribes would not covet them. And those, as stated, really very quickly lost interest in the Alatani women, who suddenly began to wear frightening "decorations" without exception. From the point of view of an outsider, it really does not look sexy. But the men of the tribe were happy - over time, they discovered extraordinary beauty in these traffic jams in the noses of their wives. And they even “recommended” them to get tattoos from the chin to the tip of the nose. True, today the young generation of the Apatani people does not really like this tradition - they prefer to bring beauty in other ways.
Women of the Indian Baita people, for example, believe that an excessively tattooed body excites men more, so them is a very important component of the love game. By the way, Indian women traditionally experiment with their body for the sake of external attractiveness. So, for many of them, a nose ring is a mandatory attribute, like for Yanomami women, twigs in their cheeks and lips.
For a thousand years, many Chinese women have mutilated themselves for the sake of fame and dubious beauty. Photo: worldofbuzz.com
For the sake of beauty, some Chinese women also make sacrifices. Since ancient times, there has been a cult of graceful legs in the country - a rather barbaric procedure to reduce the female foot. For a long time in Chinese society, it was believed that the ideal length of the foot should not exceed 10 cm, and it should be curved in the shape of a crescent - so that it resembles a lotus.
According to one of the legends, once a Chinese emperor asked for one of his concubines named Yao Nyan (according to another version, she was the wife of Emperor Li Yu of the Tang Dynasty) to bandage their feet with white silk and dance the “lotus dance” on their fingertips. He liked his performance so much that the ladies from the high society of the Middle Kingdom literally lost their peace of mind and peace, imitating Yao. So over time, the concept of "lotus legs" arose. For a thousand years, many Chinese women have disfigured themselves for the sake of fame and dubious beauty.
Some parents began torturing their daughters from about the age of 4, tightly bandaging their feet so that four fingers were bent, in contact with the sole: as a result the girls could not even walk on their own, let alone play outdoor games with their peers.
The procedure for shaping the feet was as follows. First of all, the girls' feet were immersed in warm water, which was a softening mixture of decoctions of various herbs mixed with the blood of animals. After the feet were "softened", they were carefully massaged, and then the fingers were twisted with force. Then the foot was tightly bandaged - as a result, a kind of cotton bandage was obtained. However, initially the whole process was even more painful, since it involved breaking the bones holding the foot, followed by bandaging and stitching the ends of the bandages. Later, this barbaric method was abandoned, and it was used in exceptional cases. We will not describe it in detail either, since it is more reminiscent of the torture of the medieval Inquisition. Moreover, it should be noted that everything was done without any anesthesia - the so-called "binders". There was no hope for mothers - it was believed that they would subconsciously feel sorry for their daughters, so they would not break their fingers correctly. The foot was considered ideal, the length of which was 7.5 cm - however, such a result could not be achieved so often. It is clear that this kind of "execution" very often led to serious health problems, but there was no turning back - you had to bandage your legs all your life in order to dull the unbearable pain at least a little.
Lotus feet were in fashion not only in high society China. Photo: Joe Farrell
The position of a woman in society also depended on the size of her feet. It was not at all necessary to walk on your own - as a rule, such "powerless" wives were kept exclusively by noble and wealthy men who shared the ideals of beauty of that time. Many "lotus legs" were perceived in the same way as thinness or tattoos today. But "lotus feet" were in fashion not only in the high society of China. Even some peasants, in order to successfully marry off their daughter, tied the girls' legs with bandages, although they did this without much fanaticism. In this environment, there was no clear understanding of how long the foot should be. Usually, such procedures in the lower classes of society were carried out with older girls, and their legs were not wrapped as tightly as aristocrats. Beauty is beauty, but you have to work in the fields, you can’t find much with too small feet. Such pragmatism! For a whole millennium, pain and suffering have been the norm for many Chinese women.
For some reason, Chinese men especially liked such miniature legs - they considered them a symbol of female chastity and ... the most attractive part of the female body. Surprisingly, the stronger sex did not care much that their beauties were forced to constantly walk with bandaged legs, move with difficulty and suffer from pain when moving. In fact, many parents deliberately turned their daughters into cripples. But the chances of successfully marrying the owners of "lotus legs" were much higher than those of ordinary girls with a "standard" leg size - they were considered "too masculine", "too strong" and "not graceful enough". True, in the 20th century, the Chinese authorities twice tried to actively combat this tradition - gradually the lotus leg ceased to be the standard of female beauty, although some old women with “lotus legs” are still alive in the Celestial Empire, but they live mainly in remote villages in the provinces of Shandong, Yunnan and Shanxi. Yes, and they have a respectable age - over 90 years.