Opening Asia for Russia

14.06.2018 85 просмотров

Word  "cinema" from Greek  translates as "recorded movement". Mankind has come a very long way of development, and only relatively recently a fundamentally new kind of art has been created, the works of which are created with the help of moving images. Cinema has become a brilliant invention that was designed to turn the world upside down. Reality  began to come to life in film frames. A new vast space for creativity has appeared.


Kyrgyz cinema deserves special attention, which has reached unprecedented heights and created an original cinematographic culture that has won recognition at the international level. Kyrgyzstan has always been rich in talents in various fields, from painting to literature. And cinema is no exception. The world has become aware of the names of many outstanding directors and actors, personifying an entire era. 

The beginning of Kyrgyz cinematography was laid back in 1941, with the signing of a decree on the creation of the Frunze newsreel studio, which would later be renamed Kirghizfilm ". It will become the basis of the film industry in the republic.

The development of Kyrgyz cinema is closely connected with the national ballet and theater, which began to develop in Kyrgyzstan much earlier. In 1926, in the city of Frunze (now Bishkek), a Kyrgyz music and drama studio was opened, and later a national music and drama theater was created on its basis. Artists were recruited from amateur organizations, without special training, which did not prevent them from successfully mastering even the most complex stage images. The Kyrgyz national theater in all its diversity nourished the emerging cinematography with new forces. Eminent screenwriters, playwrights and theater actors have vividly embraced the new trend of creativity. In 1960, the ballet "Cholpon" was filmed, the film was called "Cholpon - the morning star." This event marked the beginning of the dawn of Kyrgyz cinema.

Bolot Shamshiev. "Kyrgyzfilm"
Shooting of the film "Climbing Fujiyama". THE USSR. Kirghiz SSR. June 17, 1988 People's Artist of the Kirghiz SSR, laureate of the USSR State Prize, director of the film studio "Kyrgyzfilm" Bolot Shamshiev during the completion of filming a film based on the play by Ch. Aitmatov. Photo: Evgeny Petriychuk/TASS Newsreel


In the 60s of the XX century, the works of Kyrgyz cinematography began to appear on the world screen, outside the USSR. It was a real time of victory for the Republic, the beginning of a golden era. Among world-class filmmakers, the amazing success of national cinema in Kyrgyzstan was called the “Kyrgyz miracle”. In those years, new talents appeared in the field of cinematography - still very young graduates of VGIK: Bolot Shamshiev, Melis Ubukeev, Gennady Bazarov. Once upon a time, they had an invaluable chance to learn film art from the luminaries of Soviet cinema in Moscow. Soon they will create their amazing debuts, which will be distinguished by mature depth and topicality.   

Paintings  Tolomusha Okeev's "The Sky of Our Childhood", "Bow to the Fire", "Fierce" won international cinematography competitions in Germany, Switzerland and Italy. Particularly memorable was the painting “Red Apple”, which tells about the touching love of a young student for a girl whom he met in the reading room of the library and dreamed of talking to her at least once, but still did not dare. This love will become fatal and will haunt him for the rest of his life, destroying the family happiness of the hero. Amazing musical accompaniment, a cast of talented actors and an outstanding storyline make the movie "Red Apple" a real masterpiece, a poem about unrequited love. The red apple in the film has a special meaning. Filled with the energy of the earth and the light of the sun, it is a symbol of happiness and harmony. Tolomush Okeyev created a whole canvas of images in his films, from dreamy romantics to people of unbending will who know no fear. 
 
Continues the galaxy of outstanding directors of the republic Bolot Shamshiev, who, being a graduate of VGIK, made his film debut as an actor , playing the main role in the film "Heat" by Larisa Shepitko based on the story "Camel's Eye" by Chingiz Aitmatov. The film was awarded the Grand Prix at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival (1964). It was the first creative success of the great director. Bolot Shamshiev shot many talented works, such as "The Scarlet Poppies of Issyk-Kul" about Tien Shan smugglers and "Early Cranes", which tells about the difficult war years and the difficult path of growing up of the young man Sultanmurat, who spent his father on the war. However, the peak of the director's work is considered to be the film "The White Steamboat" based on the story of the same name by Chingiz Aitmatov, who wrote the script for the film and took part in the filming. This film has become a real revelation for everyone who cherishes childhood memories. This is a story about a naive, touching world of childhood dreams and hopes, which collapses when faced with a terrifying reality. The boy was waiting father's return from a long voyage. Almost every day he climbed the mountain with binoculars and looked at the waters of the lake, hoping to make out a white steamer. The boy was waiting for a miracle that was not destined to come true.

Bolot Shamshiev. Kirghizfilm
Shooting the film "Heat", 1962. Kyrgyzstan. A still from the film "Heat" based on Ch. Aitmatov's novel "Camel's Eye". Artist Bolotbek Shamshiev as Kemal. Directed by Larisa Shepitko. TASS newsreel

 
The works of Bolot Shamshiev are imbued with touching lyricism and love for one's homeland. You can watch them more than once and always discover Kyrgyz cinema in all its diversity in a new way.

The eminent film director of Kyrgyzstan Gennady Bazarov created his brilliant film "Mother's Field", also in collaboration with Chingiz Aitmatov, whose works in At that time they were actively filmed. Evgeny Bazarov made a drama about the life of a simple woman who had a chance to know a lot of grief. The war took her husband and three sons, leaving her all alone. Along with the picture of Bolot Shamshiev "Early Cranes", the work of Gennady Bazarov "Mother's Field" gives the most vivid picture of the life of Kyrgyzstan during the war years. The picture was awarded a special award at the film festival of the republics of Central Asia.

In the adventure genre  ; the film by Melis Ubukeev "The Difficult Crossing" is especially distinguished. In the center of the story is the tragic fate of the poor young man Mukash, who decided to save his beloved, who was sold as a wife to a rich man. At the film festival of the republics of Central Asia and Kazakhstan in 1965 in Alma-Ata, the film "Difficult crossing" was awarded the Diploma of the first degree for the best work of the director, cameraman and musical accompaniment. Melis Ubukeyev  studied cinematography under Sergei Gerasimov himself, an outstanding Soviet director.

It is impossible not to mention the man without whom many roles in iconic films of their time would not have been performed so brilliantly. Suimenkul Chokmorov undoubtedly was and remains a part of his people. The memory of him to this day does not fade away, and his talents are spoken of with delight as a matter of national pride.

Kyrgyzstan. Kirghizfilm
Shooting the film "Heat", 1964. Kyrgyzstan. Director Larisa Shepitko during the filming of the film "Heat" based on Ch. Aitmatov's story "Camel's Eye". Newsreel TASS


In art  Chokmorov chose two paths from an early age - painting and cinema. The great actor and artist graduated from the Leningrad Academy of Arts named after Repin and was known not only for his roles in films, but also for his canvases, including: "Portrait of Sayakbay Karalayev", "Kurmanzhan Datka", "My Son" and others. The artist's brush belongs to the portrait of the world-famous Japanese director Akira Kurosawa, who admired Chokmorov's acting talent and even  invited him to take part in one of his films.

People will always remember Suimonkul Chokmorov as a pensive, sad romantic, who knows how to love like no one else loves, and to suffer for those he loves. On the screen, it may sometimes seem that Chokmorov is playing himself. So convincing & nbsp; his feelings in the eyes of the viewer. The role of Daniyar in the film "Jamilya" strikes the imagination with lyricism and depth. In his unique acting game, sometimes silence could say more than any words. No less famous is the debut role of Chokmorov in the film about pre-revolutionary Kyrgyzstan “Shot at the Karash Pass”, as well as the roles he played in Tolomush Okeyev’s films “Fierce” and “Red Apple”. Chokmorov's talent is unique and diverse. He was able to create a fundamentally new image in the cinema, akin to the scale of Shakespeare's Hamlet himself.

In 1986, such famous figures of foreign cinema as the British actor Peter Ustinov, Italian film directors Michelangelo Antonioni and Bernardo Bertolucci flew to the Issyk-Kul Forum in Kyrgyzstan . Masters from the world of cinema were actively interested in Kyrgyz cinema and its talents. During the visit, they visited the film studio "Kyrgyzfilm", met with a team of scriptwriters and directors. In general, this solemn visit summed up the many years of work of the Kyrgyz film industry, which was able to achieve dizzying success without losing its individuality.

Bolot Shamshiev. Kirghizfilm
 Shooting of the film "White Steamboat". THE USSR. Kirghiz SSR. April 1, 1982 Director of the film studio "Kyrgyzfilm", Honored Artist of the Kyrgyz SSR Bolot Shamshiev and film actress Ayturgan Temirova. Photo: Viktor Vonog/TASS Newsreel


After the collapse of the USSR, the Kyrgyz film industry lost its solid material base and was left without state support. Throughout  There were practically no films made in the 90s. But, despite the difficulties, the national cinema managed to preserve its creative traditions.

The most important role in the process of revival of cinematography in Kyrgyzstan played a rich history, the experience of cinematographers of the republic, passed down from generation to generation. The Public Television and Radio Broadcasting Corporation of the Kyrgyz Republic has been created, the Union of Cinematographers of Kyrgyzstan is fully functioning, uniting in its ranks all the filmmakers in the country. With the independence of Kyrgyzstan in 1991, there was an opportunity for direct contact with filmmakers from all over the world. Private film studios have been set up to finance the production of films that, along with the works of foreign directors, are increasingly winning prizes at prestigious international festivals.

Recently, a film by Sadyk Sher- Niyaz "Kurmanjan Datka", which tells about the queen of the Alai Kirghiz, who ruled from 1832 to 1876. The work turned out to be impressive, rich in reliable historical events. In the modern cinema of Kyrgyzstan, more and more can be traced & nbsp; the tendency to turn to national history and culture, the traditions of the times of the “Kyrgyz miracle” are being actively revived. There is no doubt that & nbsp; very soon a new galaxy of talented directors will appear who will raise modern cinema in the republic to an even higher level.
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