Opening Asia for Russia

28.06.2019 133 просмотров

Many temples in Bali are somewhat reminiscent of small fortresses. They are surrounded by walls, sometimes by moats filled with water. An indispensable attribute of a Balinese temple is the statues of the gods. It doesn't matter which ones are good or bad.


The inner territory of the temples in Bali is divided into two parts - two courtyards, one of which is considered a cult and the other secular. Also  almost always there is a watchtower, a house of pilgrims, a kitchen ... In a word, this sanctuary is a kind of closed world where life proceeds according to its own laws, which differ markedly from those that exist outside the temple walls.

roof churches are of the same type. In Russia, we probably have such & nbsp; would be called straw. However, these shaggy roofs are sometimes noticeably different from each other. The main religious building is covered with pile from the trunks of sugar palms, which, by the way, play a rather significant role in the life of not only the islanders, but also the majority of Indonesians. Palm is a durable tree, it is a good building material, also used for various household needs. What do you think the best drums are made of? Of course, from a palm tree. By the way, the sugar palm is considered a bisexual plant. If you cut a young shoot, you can get several liters of sweet juice. And if you evaporate water from it, you get brown palm sugar. And from the fibers of these palm trees, which, as it were, “dress” the trunk, you can cook a lot of things - mats, and fishing tackle, and nets. The monks cover the roofs of their temples with them. 

Bali. Pura Besakih Temple
Pura Besakih Temple. Photo:  jesuispartievoyager.com


If in Indonesia, which includes the island of Bali, the majority of the population preaches Islam, then on the island itself the situation is different - about 90% its inhabitants are Hindus. There are over 20 thousand Hindu temples here, each has its own unique charm and .. its own holiday. Perhaps the most interesting and significant for the locals is the temple of Pura Besakih. It is almost a thousand years old, and it is located on the slope of the Gunung Alung volcano. Moreover, at a very decent height - 3142 meters.

Perhaps there are several more iconic temples in Bali - the Goa Lawah temple, which is also called the "bat cave", as well as the Tanah Lot temple, which is considered the abode of evil demons. The latter is located on a coral reef - around impenetrable sea distances. That's right, it's necessary - evil demons should be away from people in order to disturb them as little as possible. some holy buildings. In Bali, it is found everywhere - many tourists consider it a common weed. In fact, this is not entirely true, because this herb is medicinal, essential oils are extracted from it, which are then used in cosmetology. They help to smooth out wrinkles - and indeed have a tonic effect on the human body. Bali doctors say that the power of ylang-ylang is precisely in the rejuvenating effect. Some even see it as an erotic stimulant... In general, we take note: the air, saturated with the indescribable aromas of dry ylang, prolongs life. Who knows, if you believe in it, then perhaps it is so.
 

Bali. Ylang Ylang
Ylang-ylang flower. Photo: galeri.uludagsozluk.com


Hinduism, like other religions, has a lot of its own customs, rules and taboos. When you come to Bali, many guides first of all talk about it. Otherwise, the hour is not even and you unknowingly plunge into some not very beautiful story. You have to carefully follow all these rules - otherwise you can cause a serious offense to a local resident. And in our country, pointing a finger at someone is a bad form, and even more so in Bali. They won't understand. Many actions cannot be performed with the left hand - it is considered unclean. It is also not customary to cross your legs while resting. Suddenly one of the legs "points" in the direction of someone. This is terribly offensive, because, according to Balinese Hinduism, the legs are considered not just the lower, but also the lowest part of the human body. You can't touch anyone's head. Even gently patting the head of a child you like is not welcome, because the head, according to local concepts, is the repository of the human soul. It turns out that he touched the head - it means that he "grabbed his neighbor by the soul." And this is already a uniform disgrace!

The most revered animal by the Brahmins is bulls. Hindu monks are even buried  in bull-shaped sarcophagi. And the iconic cows in Bali are completely white! Sometimes you can find whole herds of such white cows - they are always sleepy and idly staggering, but certainly overly self-confident. What is the use of these animals is not at all clear. They do nothing and are not good for any other purpose. They're sacred! 

Bali
Girls of Bali. Photo:  volunteering.org.au


Elephants - yes! They are loved by all residents and guests of the country in Bali. Indeed, even the good god Ganesh, who "knows" deep knowledge and secrets of success in life, has an elephant's head.

Therefore, one of the most common attractions on the island is elephant riding. Usually tourists who want to ride giants are taken to a special elephant park. By the way, about elephants…

Once upon a time, back in antiquity, war elephants were specially raised, which were then sent into battle - as expected, in armor and a formidable “outfit” appropriate to the situation. The forehead was covered with a shield, and sharp metal tips were put on the tusks ... Shortly before the start of the battle, elephants were drugged with intoxicating drinks - it should be noted that elephants simply adore this business. After drinking, their mood changes greatly - the animal can be just cheerful, but if you make it angry, then the anger will be terrible and sad for others. These angry drunken elephants were driven into the attack, and they destroyed everything in their path. But their main task is to scare the enemy to death. Well, in order, so to speak, to enhance the effect on the skin of animals, war paint was applied.

All of the above, coupled with a piercing elephantine roar, made a proper impression on the enemy. Even warriors with strong nerves often gave up and rushed in a panic on their frightened horses away from the formidable warrior elephants, making far from romantic sounds. And the Indian rulers were the first to use elephants on the battlefield. That is why elephant herders in ancient times were called Indians. The warriors of Alexander the Great also encountered war elephants, and later the Romans, during the Battle of Heracles, with all their might with a frisky gallop, as historical sources testify, fled from the elephants of the Epirus king Pyrrhus. Still, before the Romans were not familiar with the elephant army, it was difficult for them to understand what kind of monsters they were rushing at them with such speed, making chilling sounds of rage. 

Bali. Elephant ride
Elephant riding. Photo:  mybalitrips.tourister.ru


In fact, there is not so much use for war elephants. Yes, these are smart animals, but their mind is not "imprisoned" for war, it is peaceful, labor and creative. In extreme conditions, elephants are poorly oriented - moreover, they become nervous and shy. And the discipline that is inherent in horses is so-so among giants - not at its best, in general.

But Balinese elephants have nothing to do with fighting "brothers". They peacefully walk through the jungle with tourists on their backs, and those from the awareness of everything that happens experience very special sensations and inexpressible pleasure - while moving, they seem to sway on the waves, which are felt several at once in an elephantine gait, and they miraculously roll over each other. That is why many people riding elephants suddenly get "seasick" - someone is really swayed by the movements of an elephant, and someone is put to sleep.

But then there will be something to remember later ...
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