Opening Asia for Russia

17.10.2018 58 просмотров

Martial arts have been developed in India since time immemorial. According to legend, Siddhartha Guatama himself, who later became the Buddha, was known as a skilled warrior who invariably won victories in hand-to-hand combat. This won the heart of the beautiful princess Yasudara. The secrets of the mysterious struggle of the Kalaripayattu healers are carefully guarded and passed down from generation to generation.


The origins of this type of martial arts originate in the Indian states of Kerala and Tamilnadu. Word  "kalaripayattu" means "fight in a sacred place" (kalari - "sacred place", payattu - "fight"). Training and fights of fighters are very often held in a specially built temple - Kalari.

India has always been a different world for Europeans - mysterious, incomprehensible and ... alien. However, oddly enough, but it was European culture that diversified Indian martial arts, which gradually divided into unarmed and armed. But in fact, Indian power martial arts are older than European ones. 

Indian kalaripayattu wrestling
 Main Arena for fights is located in a special temple - on a recessed into the ground & nbsp; site. Photo: indienrundreisen.de

 
It is believed that the martial arts of India gave impetus to the development of many types of martial arts in the world. For example, even Shaolin wushu, whose history goes back many centuries. Kalaripayattu is one of the most ancient and closed martial arts, the secret knowledge of which is given only to the elite. Few warriors of Kerala and Tamil Nadu are fluent in it. These people can not only skillfully fight opponents, but also successfully heal people using techniques known only to them. However, modernity has made its own adjustments to the life of the Kalaripayattu fighters. Now they sometimes demonstrate their skills in public, although before this was done only in real combat. Today, the training of warrior doctors can be observed on one of the deserted beaches of India, but the main arena for duels is still located in a special temple - on & nbsp; platform deepened into the ground by 1.3 meters. It serves not only as a ring for duels, but also as a place for prayer. 

The blades of the sabers are not blunt, the blows are real. But whenever the blade seems to be about to overtake the mortal flesh, the kalaripayattu fighter makes a breathtaking jump with lightning speed, flying several meters high, and attacks the enemy from above. Next to the fight is watching the teacher - Auchan - he is also a mentor in life. With a gesture, he stops the duel, and the students gather around him, humbly listening to remarks, reproaches and advice.
 

Kalaripayattu Indian Wrestling
Today, the training of medical warriors can be seen on one of the deserted beaches of India. Photo: malstran.ru


They say that kalaripayattu is a martial art created by Parasunara (one of the incarnations of the god Vishnu), which gradually turned into a secret caste nayar warriors. For hundreds of years they "synthesized" ancient Indian military skills (dhanur-veda) and no less ancient Indian medicine (Ayurveda). Until the 16th century, it was strictly forbidden to pass on the secrets of fighting and healing to Christians and Muslims. Kalaripayattu training begins at the age of six: the teacher who takes patronage over the baby becomes the only authority for him. But only the best of the best, who have gone through several stages of knowledge, will eventually learn the most important secrets that the teacher passes on to them.
 
In a few years, students become, albeit not skillful warriors, but rather well-trained physically teenagers . They perform complex exercises, they have a great stretch. When an outsider sees what Kalaripayattu fighters are doing with their bodies, the question involuntarily arises: aren’t these people “plasticine”?  

Kalaripayattu Indian Wrestling
Kalaripayattu also has chokeholds. Photo: indiya-land.ru


 Kalaripayattu warrior training usually takes place at sunrise and sunset. Before moving on to saber exercises, first the gutta-percha warriors do stretching exercises. The student then carefully massages the oil into his body, and the teacher gives him an Ayurvedic massage, which is believed to give the body strength and flexibility. This is followed again by a series of muscle stretching exercises. You can joke a little about this: the ability of warrior-healers to throw up their legs will make any prima ballerina blush with envy! Between training sessions, students who comprehend the secrets of wrestling pray to the fearless fighter against demons, the god Vishnu.

The first stage of kilaripayattu training includes, first of all, the physical perfection of the trainee (“maipayatta”). During this period, he  comprehends certain combinations of steps, turns, jumps and inclinations, and gradually they become more complicated. When an ashan sees that his student has already mastered this part of the art, he can begin with him classes in combat without weapons. Only those young people in whom Auchan has discovered the potential for further improvement are allowed to this stage of training. The mentor is careful to ensure that his mentee never uses his skills for unrighteous purposes. 

Indian kalaripayattu wrestling
 In the arsenal of fighters, there are all kinds of ways to defend and attack - jumps, long attacks and numerous kicks and punches. Photo: allegralaboratory.net

 
The second stage of training - Koltari. During this period, the student learns the basics of combat with weapons - not real yet, but wooden. In total there are ten types of edged weapons. The third stage -  Ankatari. Auchan teaches his students to work with traditional weapons. The final stage of training is Verun kai tari. At this time, students will learn the techniques of defense and attack with free hands. The mentor also gives them the secrets of medicine: they diligently study human anatomy and acupuncture - they learn how to properly influence various points of the human body. 

panther, bear, etc. In the arsenal of fighters, there are all kinds of ways to defend and attack - jumps, long attacks and numerous kicks and punches. What is typical for this fight is closed stances. When striking, neither the arms nor the legs are ever fully extended. 

Kalaripayattu Indian Wrestling
The secrets of the kalaripayattu struggle are carefully guarded and passed on only to the elite. Photo: indienrundreisen.de


So, there are cases when some gurus (by the way, they can be counted on the fingers) with just a movement of the hand towards a person deprived him of consciousness. Modern medicine can hardly explain these "energetic effects". What is it: magic or ancient methods of meditation? There is no answer yet. And the gurus themselves do not answer these questions, they carefully keep the secrets handed down to them from the depths of time. 

In the Middle Ages, many ashans were both warriors and doctors who knew how to create miraculous healings: allegedly real masters of kilaripayattu healed fractures with just a few touches of the fingers. They also always had healing oils and powders at their disposal, with which they fought arthritis, rheumatism, lumbago and many other ailments. This semi-magical art of healing certainly brought the Ashanas much attention from Western medicine, and many wealthy people asked the guru kalaripayattu to heal them. However, the masters pass on the "divine knowledge" only to the children of Kerala... 

Indian wrestling
Warma fighter training -Kalai. Photo: youtube.com


In India, there are other very interesting types of martial arts that Europeans practically do not know. For example, varma-kalai is a real martial art that does not involve random strikes. They simply do not exist: if a fighter wants to take the life of an opponent, then he acts (hits or slightly presses) on certain points on his body; if his plans include putting a person out of action for a while, then he is “looking for a way” to other points. Most likely, the Chinese technique "dimmak" - "delayed death" - was borrowed from Indian teachers a long time ago. In varma-kalai, it is called “marma adi” and is closely connected with the physiological characteristics of a person, more precisely with the theory of the circulation of internal energy “prana” (for the Chinese it is “qi”, for the Japanese it is “ki”).

In varma-kalai, they fight both with bare hands and with weapons. The first stage of training is the development of stances and movements, the study of blocks and strikes - with a fist and an open palm. And only after that, the students begin to master strikes with elbows and legs, grabs and throws.

Fighting with weapons is already aerobatics. First, in order to avoid injuries, students are given wooden sticks, then batons, and only after a certain “survival school” has been completed, they receive real edged weapons - daggers, swords and sabers. Moreover, they teach to fight "with two hands." Like the masters of kalaripayattu, the masters of varma-kalai are excellent traumatologists who, with the help of massage, ointments and potions, perfectly cope with very difficult cases in their practice...

Silambam - Indian stick wrestling. Her combat variant is laths. The method was adopted by the police special forces. The silambam master masterfully wields both a short and a long stick, knows how to perform acrobatic jumps, and, if necessary, masterfully beats off an object flying at him with a stick. He maneuvers perfectly with his weapons and strikes at such a pace that the audience sometimes does not have time to count the number of strikes. The uniform of the fighters is tight pants, T-shirts and a turban on the head. The winner in a duel is the one who managed to inflict a greater number of blows on the opponent’s body or knock out a stick from his hands in a certain period of time. The undisputed winner is the one who hits the opponent on the turban... 

Kushti Indian wrestling
Kushti Indian Wrestling. Photo: velvet.by


Kushti is another type of Indian power martial arts that has come down to us from time immemorial. It similar to European freestyle wrestling. Some of the most respected people in India are pahalvans - kushti fighters, powerful and well-built people. Once upon a time, fights of Indian pahalvans took place until the death of one of the opponents, but these days this rarely happens - the fights are relatively safe, although the wrestlers still have in their arsenal techniques that are prohibited in many other types of sports fights.

Main the goal is to knock down the opponent on the shoulder blades. There are several types of techniques in Kushti: power grabs and throws, when you need to “break” the opponent, as well as techniques that use the inertia of the opponent’s movements and the whole science of “exhausting” the opponent, painful locks and suffocations. Sometimes the joints and limbs of wrestlers are sometimes not withstand a hell of a load and burst like overripe watermelons.

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