Opening Asia for Russia

27.08.2019 60 просмотров

It is believed that in the Philippines there are three main types of national martial arts - arnis, kali and page. In fact, according to experts, they cannot be called such, because they were formed under the influence of other martial arts systems - Western and Eastern. However, the Filipinos themselves are sure that this is their "national product". We will assume so, too, since sometimes truly original techniques are found in these combat systems.


Arnis wrestling is wrestling with one or two sticks. This type of martial art is an integral part of the so-called escrime (in French, escrime means "fencing"). And the Filipinos consider this complex of martial arts to be their development. In fights, not only chopping and cutting blows with a stick are allowed, you can strike with both ends of it. In the hands of an experienced fighter, this is a formidable weapon with which you can make undercuts and hooks.  The combat technique itself (without a stick) is quite simple, but it is very effective: the developed system of grips and locks is aimed primarily at the wrist or shoulder joint. Today there are several dozen different styles of arnis. 

In the Philippines, this type of wrestling appeared during the colonial rule of the Spaniards. The islanders turned out to be capable students and gradually adopted the skills of the Spanish school of sword and dagger fencing (escapada-i-daga) quite tolerably. And as often happens, they gradually introduced many such techniques that the Spaniards did not know.

Filipino wrestling arnis
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Each arnis master must skillfully wield a stick during a duel. The length of this stick is 70-80 centimeters. It is made mainly from palm wood, less often from bamboo. This weapon even has its own names: one fighting stick is called "baston" (that is, in old French, again - "stick"), and the other - "muton" (in French, "ram"). Sometimes shorter sticks are also used in arnis - 30-40 centimeters each, they are intended for very close wrestling. Such a stick is called "dagu" - to a certain extent, it imitates a dagger, the technique of working with which is somewhat different than with longer tools. 

By the way, fights with a long and short stick at the same time are very often practiced in arnis. This technique is somewhat reminiscent of fighting with a long and wide bolo machete knife and a balarau dagger. It was widespread a century and a half ago - today only a few experts know about it. The daga stick - the one that is short - is mainly needed for parrying blows, but its Filipino fighters very often use it both in close combat when defending and during a counterattack. During a real fight, a massive club and knife are often used. The latter is needed not only for the implementation of short attacks, with its help the enemy is inflicted wide cutting wounds. Ideally, according to Filipino fighters, it is preferable to inflict damage in the area of \u200b\u200bthe tendons in order to neutralize the enemy for sure.

Filipino wrestling arnis
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As already noted, the principles of combat in arnis are simple but effective, although strikes and movements are straightforward, which is thought to save energy. The learning process is different in that an individual approach is applied to each student. An individual set of techniques is selected for him - a lot depends on the physique and personal physical condition of the beginner. First of all, the technique of hitting with sticks and a knife is comprehended. And only then, when the course of the “young fighter” is completed, does the study of the technique of punches and kicks begin.
participation of representatives of other types of martial arts. The three main components of this technique are throws, grabs and counterattacks. Some army special forces successfully practice the Filipino style of fighting with a knife and a stick. In the Philippines, this type of wrestling is so popular that it has long become an integral part of the physical training system for students in many educational institutions in the country.

The technique of hand-to-hand and knife fighting Arnis was perfected in real combat conditions, many experts recognized it as an effective means of self-defense against an unarmed and armed enemy. In a real duel, blows to any points of the human body are allowed. When the Philippines gained independence in 1946, arnis began to develop not only as a national form of self-defense, but also as an applied sport - combat sports.

Filipino martial art
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It is clear that there are many restrictions in the sports version: it is not allowed to attack an opponent who has dropped his weapon, you can’t finish off the fallen, beat in the groin and face, use elbows, knees and head in a duel. In sports arnis, all fights are divided into rounds, while in a real fight, which is understandable, the strongest wins - the one who managed to completely neutralize the enemy, winning an unconditional victory in any way possible.

Another most interesting form of Filipino martial arts is the fight with a flexible weapon - page. Flexible weapons mainly mean working with whips and scourges, which are often made from ox skin, and sometimes from ... fish tails. Withered whips are a formidable weapon. Especially if it is in the hands of a sophisticated master who masterfully owns such a type of flexible weapon as a yoyo. It looks so unusual that even many experienced fighters who are not familiar with it and see it for the first time & nbsp; are not ready to face it. After all, at first it doesn’t even occur to anyone that some kind of rounded load, embedded in a net and attached to a long rope ending in a loop, can strike on the spot. This weapon perfectly competes with a knife, and sometimes even surpasses it in some way.

Filipino martial art
Photo: lastday.club



The Philippine butterfly knife (balisong) is one of the most common types of edged weapons. At first glance, this knife looks like a small stick, but in reality it is a weapon that is widely used in another Filipino wrestling - kali. The handle of this formidable knife has two rather elongated halves, between which the blade is hidden. An imperceptible deft movement and the wand turns into ... In general, it is clear what it turns into. Technique  Kali is the filigree and quick rotational movements of the knife between the fingers. In Kali, as in Arnis, strikes are widely used on lunges, as well as on the joints of the legs. Many techniques for painful grips of hands.

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