Opening Asia for Russia

27.08.2020 58 просмотров

Due to the peculiarities of the political field and socio-cultural content, the Iranian agenda dictates its own unique rules to international journalists. How does the media work in Iran, is it easy for foreigners to work in Iran, and how to prepare high-quality material about events in the country?


With the support of the Presidential Grants Fund, Nikita Smagin, TASS correspondent in Iran, answers these questions within the framework of the project “Laboratory of a Young Analyst “MediAsia”: Caspian Week”, supported by the Presidential Grants Fund. 

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– How can you describe the information field of IRI? 


- The specifics of the Iranian media is closely related to its political situation, presented, on the one hand , reformers, and, on the other hand, conservatives and various intermediate phenomena between them. Competing, these two poles use the media to effectively influence the situation in society, lobbying their interests.

 

That is why the Iranian media are quite different in terms of political position, but at the same time they are all under state control. This is clearly seen in the example of agencies, of which there are more than eight in Iran, while in any other country there may be one or two. Iranian news agencies are structures of various departments and ministries, such as IRNA - a subordinate agency of the Government of Iran, and other news agencies - under the control of the ministries of oil, judiciary, labor and other power structures. & nbsp;


- Is it true that it is much more difficult for foreigners to work in Iran than for locals? 


– There is such a prejudice that Iran is a closed country with no foreign media where foreigners are not allowed. There is some truth in these judgments, as well as some exaggeration. Thus, only Russian media in Iran are represented by TASS, RIA Novosti, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Sputnik (Persian and Arabic), RT correspondents work. From other foreign colleagues: Al Jazeera, Al Mayadeen, Kyodo, Xinhua, DPA, CNN, etc. 


The complexity of the work is largely due to the difficult process of obtaining a journalist visa and the need to know the language and understand the local culture. At the same time, representatives of different nationalities work in InoSMI in Iran: Chinese, Germans, Russians, etc. Most often they are men, less often women, and all of them, of course, like the official media, must have the necessary permissions to cover events. 


– Can you give “point by point” the features of the journalistic craft in Iran? < /b>


- In most cases, work in foreign publications is carried out by local Iranians, who work as employees immigrants from Iran or their children. 


The second is the peculiarity of the correspondent's work. Russian correspondents - here "piece" copies work in the Iranian information field in the mode of constant readiness, creating not only accessible official content on the agenda, but also partially closed to the tapes of their agencies and portals. It all depends on the newsbreak, because it can take you everywhere - at 2-3 in the morning, in the desert, in another city, on vacation. 


Another peculiarity is a certain closeness of the Iranian authorities in real time, it is quite difficult to get an answer to an official request. Closeness is also associated with the rules of photography and video filming. In Iran, many objects are prohibited from filming, so even if you have a press card, it is better to use, for example, a phone camera so as not to attract attention with a large lens. 


However, all these difficulties can be solved with official documents, understanding of culture and language. More importantly, a correspondent in another country is a multi-stationer who not only writes news, but also reports, takes interviews, must be able to make videos, pictures, etc. In short, this is a person who should be able to do everything. 


Nikita Smagin's speech was held at the Zoom platform for the participants of the Young Analyst's Laboratory "MediAsia": Caspian Week. Other meetings will be held as part of the Program until August 28. 


Details can be found on the website https://ia-centr.ru/ or the project's Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/mediatorCIS/)

 

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