Opening Asia for Russia

14.01.2021 124 просмотров

The Russian scientist assessed the level of Turkic studies in Uzbekistan.


The head of the Department of Oriental Studies at the Institute of History and International Relations of the Altai State University (AltSU) Yulia LYSENKO spoke about the importance of Altaic studies in the study of the peoples of the Turkic-Mongolian world and cooperation between Russia and Uzbekistan in the field of Altaic studies.


– The 1st International Altaic Forum was held last year. It was attended by scientists from many countries, including from Uzbekistan. Tell us about cooperation between Russia and Uzbekistan in the field of altaistics.


– In the fall of 2019, Altai State University really hosted the 1st International Altaic Forum, which was attended by more than 150 Turkic and Mongolian scholars from Russia, Central Asia, Mongolia, China, and Turkey.


At the event, it was decided to create an international scientific collaboration of scientists to conduct joint interdisciplinary scientific research in this area.


The Great Altai Scientific and Educational Center for Altaic and Turkic Studies, created as a result of the Forum, became a platform for unification.


Uzbeks are a Turkic-speaking people, and its formation is a complex and lengthy process of interethnic interaction. The process that took place on the territory of the Central Asian interfluve (the Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers), which was characterized by the rapprochement and partial merger of the settled, Iranian-speaking population with the nomadic, Turkic-speaking population - Turkic tribes that migrated in the region in the 6th-7th centuries.


Therefore, colleagues from Uzbekistan showed a certain interest in the I International Altaic Forum. And although their representation at the Forum was not so great, we hope for the future expansion of cooperation in this direction.


There are still few joint Russian-Uzbek research projects in the field of Altaistics. Cooperation in the field of archaeological research related to the conduct of archaeological excavations of monuments of the Turkic-Sogdian period on the territory of Uzbekistan is developing more fruitfully.


- What are the prospects for joint work and opportunities for fellow scientists and partner universities from Uzbekistan at ASU?


– Until recently, the Republic of Uzbekistan remained “terra incognita” for us. This was due to the foreign policy course of the Uzbek political leadership, aimed at a certain isolationism of the country and detachment from world integration processes, including humanitarian cooperation.


Recently, we have seen a departure from this course. Uzbekistan demonstrates a desire to take part in international scientific cooperation. An example is the International Forum of Rectors of Humanitarian Universities, held in early December 2020 at the site of the Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH), in which Uzbek universities took an active part.


It should also be noted that today there are 10 branches of Russian universities in Uzbekistan, 6 of which were opened in 2019.


This gives us reason to hope that Turkological studies will eventually become the area that will bring Altai State University closer to the universities of Uzbekistan. Thus, we will be able to implement joint projects and thus develop our humanitarian cooperation.


– How important is Altaistics in the study of the peoples of the Turkic-Mongolian world?


– Altaistics as a scientific discipline began to form in the 19th century.


Scientists working in this research area studied the languages of the Altai peoples. Actually, this is where the name of the scientific discipline comes from.


Russian scientists Boris Yakovlevich Vladimirtsov, Evgeny Dmitrievich Polivanov, Vladislav Ludwigovich Kotvich stood at the origins of Altaistics. A significant contribution to the development of Altaistics was made by German scientists, primarily Vasily Vasilyevich Radlov.


From different scientific positions, experts developed the problem of the origin of the material and structural-typological commonality of the Altaic languages.


For most Turkic linguists, the subject of research was the description of the structure of specific Turkic languages, their lexical, grammatical and phonological-phonetic structure.


Today, thanks to their scientific research, we know that the Altaic language family includes Turkic languages, Mongolian languages, Tungus-Manchu languages. There are studies that prove the inclusion of the Altaic language family also in Korean and Japanese-Ryukyu languages. 


A lot of time has passed since the 19th century. And as our understanding of the Altaic language family expanded, the semantic content of the term “Altaic” also changed. There was a gradual departure from the traditional, classical understanding of it, the term was filled with new content and meaning.


Today, Altaic is understood as an interdisciplinary science, which, along with comparative linguistics of the Altaic language family, is engaged in the study of history, material and spiritual culture, worldview, ethnopsychology of the peoples of the Turkic-Mongolian world .


Altaistics as a science is extremely important for studying the peoples of the Turkic-Mongolian world, as it helps to preserve and increase knowledge about this world.


– What are the general research strategies in the field of Altaic and Turkic studies?


– The central research strategy in the study of the peoples of the Turkic-Mongolian world is the theory of the Altaic language family with the development of phonetic correspondences between the language subgroups of the Turkic, Mongolian and Tungus-Manchu languages.


Significant factual materials accumulated in Altaistics on the living Turkic languages, as well as the publication of important and significant monuments of the language and culture of the Turkic peoples, such as the ancient Turkic Orkhon-Yenisei runic monuments and numerous ancient Uyghur texts, the “Dictionary” of Mahmud of Kashgar, “Kutadgu Bilig”, Polovtsian monuments, extensive monuments in the Central Asian space, in-depth studies on toponymy and onomastics, etymology and the widespread use of the comparative historical method - all this allowed to present time to determine the framework of the Altai family and its internal configuration. We were able to identify phonetic correspondences and find lexical convergences that allow us to talk about the Altaic languages as a whole.


Today, this is perhaps the main theory itself, which allows us to talk about the common origin of the peoples of the Turkic-Mongolian world and the powerful processes of interethnic interaction between them at different historical stages .


Today this theory is the basis for studying the historical and cultural heritage of the peoples of the Turkic-Mongolian family. As a rule, these are comparative studies that allow finding common and special features of the material and spiritual culture of individual Turkic and Mongolian peoples.



REFERENCE:


Interview within the framework of the international presentation of the results of the activities of the Scientific and Educational Center for Altaic and Turkic Studies "Big Altai” (Barnaul, Russia), which took place on December 15 at the Altai State University.

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