Opening Asia for Russia

29.10.2020 52 просмотров

The second day of the Young Analyst's Laboratory "Media: Border Week" was devoted to China's international influence and the mechanisms of its influence on the economies of border countries.  

"Sinification" today is defined by the scientific and expert community as the process of including different peoples in the space of Chinese culture. However, the implementation of China's geopolitical aspirations dictates a different perception of this phenomenon among the public. 

As part of the MEDIATSIA Laboratory's program, Vita Spivak, an expert on China, shared her vision of the problem. summarized the main theses of the speaker. 

– Could you explain what is understood under "sinicization"?

– Global "sinicization", in English "sinicization" - a term that began to be used to describe the Chinese factor in the politics of different countries. 

Of course, China is present in the life of every person and state: from household items to joint international programs. And as China develops and becomes an international player, its presence only increases. 

For China's neighbors, for example, for Russia and the countries of Central Asia, the strengthening of China's position is felt more acutely. 

- What projects are currently shaping the "sinification"?

- Since 2013, the PRC has been implementing the umbrella initiative "OBOR" - the so-called. Today is Belt and Road. It is this initiative that explains “Sinification”, while behind it stands a beautiful metaphor of the “Silk Road”, which once connected the countries of the West and the East. 

Now more than 60 states are included in the initiative, it is interesting that it does not have clear boundaries. 

So, it includes the construction of a road in Nigeria, and a wind farm in Chile. This is explained by the fact that the PRC uses infrastructure projects where investments and loans are directed as foreign policy mechanisms. 

-East Asia, the Middle East and Africa.

I would like to note that the Chinese initiative is often perceived linearly, as a kind of plan gradually implemented by the PRC, which, it seems to me, greatly exaggerates its significance, but also simplifies the significance its influence. 

The Chinese leadership, led by Xi Jinping, formulates the "Belt and Road" narrative, where, for example, all countries bordering China are called "gates of the Belt and Road". 

China is also the largest creditor among neighboring countries. For example, the external debt of Pakistan and Tajikistan to the PRC is about 50%, Kyrgyzstan - 30% for the countries themselves. 

Thus, the creditor countries from Central Asia did not openly oppose the repression of the Uyghurs in Xinjiang, which may talk about a certain engagement. 

- Is there a place for "soft power" within the framework of this initiative?

- Economic influence leads to the inclusion of the Chinese field as such . An example for different countries is the Chinese economic, civil model. The huaqiao diaspora (Chinese emigrants) is also an indirect tool of soft power. But until the “soft power” of the PRC is fully realized: Confucius Institutes are now being closed all over Europe, claiming propaganda from the CCP (Communist Party of China), trade wars affect the image of Chinese business, issues of Taiwan, Xinjiang and Tibet are used as a counterbalance to the political regime and propaganda of the People's Republic of China, etc. 

This is connected with various political models of "soft power" that work for the Chinese consumer. Yet they do not correlate at all with the democratic models of the West. The latest rather successful example of Chinese propaganda was the government's reaction to US criticism of China's carbon neutrality by 2060.

In response to this statement, the Chinese Foreign Ministry compiled an analytical report on the analysis of the environmental impact of the United States almost from the 18th century, collectively showing America's negative impact on the world ecology. 

The program of the third launch of the Laboratory is dedicated to the analysis of cross-border cooperation in the Eurasian space. The Laboratory is organized by the Information and Analytical Center of Moscow State University for the Study of Socio-Political Processes in the Post-Soviet Space with the support of the Presidential Grants Fund.

A detailed video of the meeting, like the whole The program of the Young Analyst Laboratory "MediAsia" is available on the page Facebook. The project will last from October 26 to October 30 in the format of online broadcasts and closed meetings for participants. 


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