Opening Asia for Russia

09.11.2020 61 просмотров

How does digitalization affect the state of physical borders between states that are familiar to us? Are ecosystems like Yandex, Google, and Sberbank really going to become our "worlds" of existence?

Dmitry Maryasis, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Head of the Department of Israel and Jewish Communities of the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Advisor to the Chairman of the Russian-Israeli Business Council, Lecturer at ISAA Moscow State University, Dmitry Maryasis helped the participants of the Young Analyst's Laboratory "MedIATsiya: Border Week" to deal with sensitive issues.< br>
Dmitry Alexandrovich, how do digital technologies help overcome physical boundaries? What trends do you observe? 

- Digitalization is one of the important aspects of innovative development, innovative economy. Today we live in a hybrid space where you cannot separate online and offline spaces and live in one while ignoring the other. This trend is especially relevant in the current pandemic. 

Numerous online platforms that save today's educational and cultural component of our social life are certainly a vivid example of how technology allows us to overcome physical boundaries.
< br> - How do you define the concept of boundaries? Are physical boundaries still relevant for the modern “digital” world? 

– What could be a more visualized concept than a boundary? The Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the current war between Armenia and Azerbaijan is a refraction of a certain situation related to the border. It is natural for us to perceive territories across borders. But we know that borders as such -  conventionality and a rather late format. 

On the territory of Afghanistan, Pakistan, for example, live Pashtun tribes, for which there are no borders. They just drift across the territory of several countries. The same is true for the Bedouins. There are a number of nationalities for whom there are no boundaries in the geopolitical sense, or their natural habitat boundary does not coincide with a certain political reality.

We fall into the trap of time delay, using the tools of the 20th century to solve the problems of the 21st century. This is logical, since we cannot use tools that have not been tested by time.

However, a number of problems appear that were unusual for the previous time. It is important to understand that the emergence of new technologies of the digital economy in the public mind is a tectonic break, there has never been an analogue to it. Therefore, we need new tools.

– Can we say that we will soon have virtual borders?

– With the advent of various integration groupings, the boundaries begin to gradually blur: first physical, then financial. In this regard, it is indeed appropriate to speak of the formation of virtual boundaries. 

The most obvious form of such boundaries is the concept of ecosystems. Already now in Russia, for example, such ecosystems as Yandex, Sberbank, Apple,, Google are operating, which will determine our communities. All these companies create an absolute ecosystem: from food delivery to life insurance. 

In the situation with Sberbank, there is also the possibility of financial payments and tax collection. Today we can be in different ecosystems, but further, it may be beneficial for us to be and define ourselves within one. 

This is where our borders will be. The entire set of services that the state provides us will be replaced by a set of services offered by a number of ecosystems.

– Aren't people afraid of technocracy? Many of us do not want to be controlled, as in China, by social rating (a system for evaluating individuals or organizations according to various parameters, the values of which are obtained using mass surveillance tools - MEDIATSiya).

– Of course, they are afraid. But, it is necessary to understand that the Internet will never be national. All attempts by the state to close the Internet fail, including in China. The system of total control is gone, people in many ways directly decide what is convenient for them. Of course, the boundaries will remain. 

It is possible that gaps and differences will arise between the representatives of these ecosystems, making it more difficult for people to move from one ecosystem to another. However, today the situation is such that any attempt to close the virtual space will lead to a dead end.

– Is basic income realizable in the digital environment?< br>
– This issue has been seriously thought about since the advent of cryptocurrencies. One of the most important conditions for the formation of borders is the formation of a unified financial system. When any group of people can create their own cryptocurrency, the need for boundaries is erased.

The presence of currencies can indeed solve the problem of permanent income. We have an absolutely inexhaustible source of funds, which is called virtual money. 

The Laboratory is organized by the Moscow State University Information and Analytical Center for the Study of Socio-Political Processes in the Post-Soviet Space with the support of the Presidential Grants Fund. A detailed video of the meeting, as well as the entire program of the Young Analyst's Laboratory "MediAsia" are available on the page Facebook.


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