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13.04.2022 49 просмотров

"The Turkic-Slavic world - Turkic-Slavic unity - the platform of Eurasia" - Kazakh historian Albina Zhanbosinova acted as an expert at the School of Young Turkologists "Great Altai".


The fifth session of the School of Young Scientists-Turkologists and Altaists at the Altai State University (Barnaul) was devoted to the topic "Ethnic history and ethnography of the Turkic-speaking peoples of the Greater Altai". The session was held as part of the project "The Turkic World of the Greater Altai: Unity and Diversity in History and Modernity" and gathered online more than 70 young scientists from five universities in Russia, 11 universities and research centers in Kazakhstan, six universities in Kyrgyzstan, two institutes of Turkmenistan.

 

The meeting with young scientists was opened by a well-known historian in Kazakhstan, an expert of the Great Altai Research and Educational Center of Altaic and Turkic Studies, Professor of the Eurasian National University named after I.I. L.N. Gumilyov Albina Zhanbosinova. She gave a lecture to young scientists on the main priorities in the development of the historical science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, including the stages of the formation of ethnography, its importance in acquiring and restoring the cultural code of the Kazakh ethnos, and also shared her thoughts on the tasks of modern historical Turkology.

 

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– Albina Sovetovna, what does personal presence at a youth scientific event mean for you in the era of online communications?

< p> - The most important thing is direct communication links and opportunities, the energy of the event, understanding and feeling of new levels of knowledge, aspirations of the younger generation are very important. When you talk face to face, looking into the eyes of a person, you feel that you are heard and listened to, there is a return from students, their interest in many issues - this is very important and cannot be replaced by anything. In general, the “school of young Turkologists and Altaists” is a completely new trend in Eurasia, in Altai, launched by Altai State University. Students, undergraduates and doctoral students expand the horizons of scientific knowledge, build levels, a vertical of understanding, endless facets of unknown knowledge, practice. Direct participation acts as a trigger, stimulates, activates thinking, moving forward, this is how ideas and great scientists are born.

 

– Turkology is traditionally the science of the Turkic languages. Why is this topic of interest to historians and ethnographers today?

The REC of Altaic and Turkic studies "Greater Altai" has only recently begun to pull up from universities and scientific and educational centers of South Siberia , Kazakhstan, Mongolia and other countries of Central Asia those scientists who are engaged in the history of their "Turkic root". Thanks to the project, the history of the Turkic peoples comes to the fore, although we note that the existing departments of Turkology in their activities are more linguistic than historical. And the training of scientific personnel at the Altai State University and partner universities of the project is carried out precisely on the foundation of history. History is a systematic approach! It may also include language training. It will be ideal if the Turkologists, who are now being trained in Altai, will know not only the history of their people, but also linguistics, now it is quite difficult to talk about it, curricula, the algorithm is only at the development stage

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- The study of Turkic studies, in your opinion, should be concentrated only in those places where the Turkic peoples live?

- I believe that the Turkic world is very large. Based on the geographical coordinates of the Middle Ages, from the Carpathians in the West to the Altai Mountains in the east, Turkic tribes lived. We cannot say that the Turks of Kazakhstan are completely different Turks than the Turks in Yakutia, Khakassia or Tuva. Turkic Khaganates, nomadic states - everything is in dynamics, Western Turkic and Eastern Turkic, Turgesh, Karluks, etc. A single Turkic root always remained at the base. Turkology does not have clearly defined border lines, Hungary is part of the Turkic Council, they refer to themselves as Kipchak Turks, the Gagauz in Moldova, Turkey, the states of Central Asia, Khakassia, Tuva (sacred Otuken), etc. It is symbolically important that the Russian center for the study of Turkic studies is located at the Altai State University, because it was in Altai that powerful historical migrations of the Turks took place, Altai is the cradle of the Turkic civilization.


The Great Altai REC is today one of the flagships of broadcasting the history of the Turkic peoples. Someday, perhaps thanks to this project, an encyclopedia of the history of the Turks will be written, the basis of the general world history of the Turkic peoples will be formed, which will tell why the khaganates were replaced, where the Turkic tribes disappeared and reappeared, and purely symbolically restore the Turkic code.


I think that the Scientific Educational Center has a great future, great prospects. The most important thing is that this is not a politicized education, but, above all, scientific and educational. It brings together both young scientists and the older generation. Expeditions, summer schools are held here, in which students from Yakutia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and other republics participate. This is a colossal experience of communication precisely in terms of live scientific communication and in terms of training: qualified Turkologists are in demand in every country today!

 

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- Why is it so important to study Turkology today?

– Have you read the book “Az and I” by Olzhas Suleimenov? It was written in 1975, and the first edition of this book was withdrawn from sale. The book is devoted to the written monuments of Slavic and Turkic antiquity, namely, the author studied the Kipchak words in the annals "The Tale of Igor's Campaign". Olzhas Suleimenov expressed a very "seditious" idea for that time that the one who wrote "The Tale of Igor's Campaign" knew the Turkic language. The Slavs spoke the Turkic language, and the Turks - Slavic. Slavs and Turks interacted with each other, including active language borrowings on the territory of Eurasia. The past era left the richest historical and cultural heritage of the Turkic-Slavic world, turning to the origins in the era of globalization means one thing - if we know the history of our past, then we have a future.

 

*** The Great Altai REC for Altaic and Turkic Studies was established in 2019 at Altai State University as part of the project "The Turkic World of the Great Altai: Unity and Diversity in History and Modernity" with the support of the Ministry of Science and the Higher education of the Russian Federation. The head of the REC "Great Altai" is the President of Altai State University, Professor Sergey Zemlyukov.

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