Opening Asia for Russia

30.06.2021 128 просмотров

Today, world wars have been replaced by "hybrid wars", which pose a security threat to the national interests of all states, including the countries of Central Asia. 


An open lecture by Narzullo Naimovich Sanginov, Candidate of Pediatric Sciences, Head of the Department of Central Asia, IIPGAE NAST, was devoted to the topic of "hybrid wars", as well as the prospects for their forecasting.


In the editorial material of the Ia-centr.ru portal, we understand what the threat of “hybrid wars” means for the countries of Central Asia:


What is "hybrid warfare"?


< p> Modern "hybrid wars" are wars using various military and non-military technologies. These technologies cover information, economic, cultural and other aspects, which serve as the basis for the emergence of varieties of "hybrid" warfare technologies. In this regard, the media play an important role, which present any confrontation based on certain aspects as new technologies of “hybrid wars”.


Who is waging "hybrid wars"?


At the current stage, “hybrid wars” are mainly implemented by world and regional powers, such as the USA, Russia, China, Turkey, Iran, Saudi Arabia, etc. Almost daily, new military and non-military technologies of "hybrid wars" appear, forming a kind of hybrid. These powers act in an extraordinary way, periodically changing the rules of the game.


Are there any distinguishing features of "hybrid wars"?


on foreign territory with their own and other people's hands; disguised as local and regional conflicts/crises, the actors implementing such wars deny their involvement in them in every possible way, etc.


Therefore, all current local wars, armed conflicts at the regional and global levels have acquired a hybrid character and, accordingly, make the necessary adjustments to the tactics of warfare.


Such military terms as “front”, “rear”, “declaration of war” and others inherent in world wars, in which almost all countries were involved, are almost forgotten peace. The last World War II of 1941-45 is a vivid example of this.


What are the prospects for predicting such wars in Central Asia?


The use of forecasting "hybrid wars" in the post-Soviet (Central Asian) space will also depend on the policies of world and regional powers, their strategies and tactics in the region. In this regard, the confrontation of these forces here has a primary influence on the geopolitical situation in the post-Soviet (Central Asian) space.


In addition to Russia, China and the United States, the European Union, Turkey, Iran, Saudi Arabia, India and Pakistan are playing their game here, each of which also has its own geopolitical / geo-economic interests, for the sake of which various technologies/instruments of "hybrid wars" are used.


Over the past decades, repeated attempts have been made to destabilize the situation in Central Asia on the basis of inter-ethnic, religious and other external and internal factors. These include the Uzbek-Kyrgyz "ethnic wars" of 1990 and 2010; terrorist attacks in the Republic of Tajikistan during the civil war, later in 2010, 2014, 2015, as well as in Kazakhstan in 2011, 2014, 2016, which were realized within the framework of "terrorist wars". All these events were fueled directly from the outside by some world and regional powers and had a hybrid character.


In the post-Soviet (Central Asian) space, starting from 1924, as a result of the existing national-territorial demarcation under the former Soviet Union a number of external and internal factors were formed and, subsequently, finally formed, which more than once led to various conflicts between these states, even when the powerful USSR was. Among the instruments are reference points of "hybrid wars": issues of water supply, drug trafficking, the issue of using migrant labor, customs regulation, etc.


 

A more detailed video of the meeting, as well as the entire program of the International Mediation Program are available on the page Facebook.


The Mediation program includes four country weeks, which will run from June 21 to September 12, 2021


The event is organized by the Information and Analytical Center of Moscow State University (IAC MSU)| Ia-centr.ru with the support of the Presidential Grants Fund.  


Registration for the next stage of the program in Bishkek is available at: https://forms.gle/zZt5z8LzMQEwPuNe6

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