Opening Asia for Russia

01.12.2020 63 просмотров

On November 23, Anastasia Borisovna Likhacheva, Director of the Center for Comprehensive European and International Studies, Deputy Dean for Science at the Faculty of World Economy and World Politics, NRU HSE, gave an open lecture as part of the Eurasian Bridge international outreach project. 


The event was organized by the Information and Analytical Center of Moscow State University for the Study of Socio-Political Processes in the Post-Soviet Space (IAC MSU) | Ia-centr.ru with the support of the Presidential Grants Fund.

As such, the Eurasian Economic Union does not have a general specific strategy, we will not find an appropriate official document. However, this does not mean at all that the EAEU does not have its own goal-setting and positioning in the international arena.

Today, the EAEU presents itself as an exclusively economic association, there is a clear distancing from non-economic problems and spaces for dialogue, which is mostly associated with humanitarian issues. There are quite understandable reasons for this, since the humanitarian sphere is the most sensitive in the perception of state sovereignty. 

However, even the activity of an economic association has its own effect or directly perceives threats from such areas as: economic security, humanitarian security in countries – members of the EAEU – which was directly demonstrated by the current crisis. 

What are the possible partners of the EAEU in today’s realities? 

Firstly, these are third countries interested in cooperation with union, but without interest in membership in the organization. Countries with which agreements on the Free Trade Zone are concluded, with whom you can trade directly.

Secondly, these are potential members of the EAEU who receive observer status and are able to immediately become a member of the association, which was demonstrated by the example of Kyrgyzstan and Armenia during the period of rapid transit. To date, Moldova has observer status, but the issue of status is also relevant for Uzbekistan, Cuba and Mongolia.  

However, here it is necessary to clearly distinguish between the category of intentions and the category of real effects on the international interaction of the association and countries. 

It is interesting to what extent the observer countries are ready to implement the EAEU legislation. These are standards, certificates, and other provisions - a wide field in the regulatory framework for observer countries. 

Other integration associations can be called a separate partner - these are MERCOSUR, ASEAN, the African Union and others. The EAEU has certain forms of interaction with them: memorandums of understanding, talks about the prospects of a joint Free Trade Area - like with ASEAN, but this prospect has not been fully developed. 

previously did not notice the Eurasian association and in every possible way distanced himself from it. To date, there is a certain official dialogue, it is connected with the current crisis situation and directions for its solution, but all these contacts work formally, rather than as project initiatives. 

Other partners of the EAEU include international organizations, the most interesting example is probably the WTO. Taking into account the fact that not all EAEU countries are members of the WTO, and the WTO rules for them are laid down in the work of the union. This is interesting, since the WTO is in a crisis: a managerial one, in a crisis of the institution of arbitration, that is, dispute resolution. The EAEU countries are increasingly under the “fire” of the very trade wars and restrictions that would need to be discussed in the WTO in the future, but due to the lack of a decent representation of the EAEU in the organization itself, this tool does not work yet. 

A separate category for discussion is the business representation of those who directly create economic integration in the union: companies, exporters and importers in their international component, associations, national institutions.

Thus, the EAEU can be defined as an integration association with internal and external agendas, where these vectors are closely interrelated. 

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