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What does the hieroglyph 北 mean and why did it become the symbol of 2017 in Japan

12.12.2017 210 просмотров

Japan has chosen the symbol of the outgoing 2017. They became the character 北 ("north"). Colloquially, 北 also serves as the name for the DPRK. The Japanese media explain: the choice of the hieroglyph is directly related to the intensified nuclear missile tests of Pyongyang. About the tradition of choosing the symbol of the year and what the hieroglyphs chosen by the Japanese in recent years say in the TASS material.


In the Temple of Pure Water

The tradition of choosing the character of the year began 22 years ago, when the Japanese Society for the Testing of Character Knowledge promoted the use of Chinese characters "kanji" - "letter of the (Chinese dynasty) Han ' started voting. The Japanese had to choose the symbol that best reflected the outgoing year 1995.

Thus, 震 ("earthquake") became the character of the year: in 1995, an earthquake in Central Japan claimed the lives of 6.4 thousand people, 200 were destroyed thousand buildings.

The sign of the year is traditionally announced on the 12th day of the 12th month. On this day, the abbot of the Buddhist temple of Pure Water in the city of Kyoto, Seihan Mori, draws a symbol on a sheet of traditional Japanese paper measuring 150 by 130 centimeters. The ceremony takes place in the courtyard of the shrine and is broadcast live on TV.

"Every resident of Japan had the right to express their opinion about the hieroglyph of the year. To do this, it was enough to send us a postcard from November 1 to December 5 or leave a note on site on the Internet. They vote both individually and in groups, for example, entire schools. For many children, this has become an important part of entertainment on New Year's Eve," TASS was told at the Japanese Society for the Testing of Hieroglyphic Knowledge.

Why "North"

According to the data provided by the organizers of the voting, out of more than 153 thousand proposals, 7.1 thousand votes fell on 北.

According to Japan Today, the symbol of 2017 primarily associated with the DPRK. It was this year that Pyongyang, for the first time in history, carried out two nuclear tests at once and launched a ballistic missile, which, according to the Japanese defense department, flew about 1,000 km, reaching a maximum altitude of 4,000 km.

There are other explanations : a poor potato harvest in the north of Hokkaido and even a performance by Japanese baseball star Shohei Ohtani as part of the Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters.

To understand how these events are related to the character 北, just look at the three characters for the island of Hokkaido , — 北海道. The first of them is the hieroglyph of the year.

Symbols of recent years

Until the last minutes on December 31, the image of the hieroglyph 北 will be put on public display in the main building of the Pure Water Temple . After that, it will be placed in a special museum, where the same sheets from previous years are stored.

In 2016, the choice of the Japanese for the second time in history fell on 金 ("gold"). The reason is the large number of gold medals won by the Japanese team at the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.

In 2015 - on 安 ("safety"). That year saw an explosion at Yasukuni Shrine, considered a symbol of militarism in Asia, and dissatisfaction with a law passed in Japan that toughens penalties for disclosing state secrets.

The character for tax, 税, became the symbol of the year in 2014 due to in the country of value added tax. And 2013 was the year of the "ring" - 輪. That year, Tokyo won the right to host the XXXII Olympic Games in 2020.

Finally, exactly five years ago, the Japanese chose "gold" for the first time. In addition to success at the Olympic Games, 2012 was remembered for the award of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to Shinya Yamanaka for his research in the field of stem cells.

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