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Unique nuclear reactor, achievements of Chinese oil workers, new lithium stars – see "Chinese Panorama"-239

03.08.2022 Медиакорпорация Китая (CMG), телеканал «Большая Азия» (Александр Попов) 113 просмотров

Watch the information and publicistic program "Chinese Panorama" on the TV channel "Big Asia" (Issue 239):
  • The construction of the world's first ground-based small nuclear reactor has entered the active phase
  • More than 150 million tons of gas condensate were produced at the Tarim field
  • China has launched the first megaton-scale carbon capture and storage project
  • Celestial astronomers have discovered 9 lithium-rich stars

The construction of the world's first ground-based small nuclear reactor has entered the active phase
The construction of a unique small nuclear reactor in Hainan Province has entered the active stage. The upper cylinder has already been installed on the object. It ensures the sealing of the reactor – this is an important barrier to the safety of nuclear power units. The installation of the cylinder is necessary for the successful continuation of construction. 
The Linglong-1 small water nuclear reactor was developed by the China National Nuclear Corporation. This is the world's first commercial modular small reactor under construction on land, an object of intellectual property of China.  
Deng Xiaoliang, Deputy CEO of Hainan Energy Company
"The upper cylinder has a diameter of 30 meters, a height of 15 meters and a weight of 720 tons. It is built on a modular principle. After the lifting of the upper cylinder is completed, the formation of the internal structure begins. "
The small reactor is characterized by high safety, short construction period and flexible deployment. Each unit of the station has a capacity of 125 megawatts, and after completion of construction will generate one billion kilowatt-hours of electricity per year. Such a reactor can be used, for example, as a distributed energy source for desalination of seawater, centralized and industrial heating. According to the plan, the construction of a small reactor will take another 3 years and 10 months.
More than 150 million tons of gas condensate were produced at the Chinese Tarim field
PetroChina, a leading oil and gas producer in China, announced that its branch in Tarim produced a total of more than 150 million tons of gas and oil condensate, and annual production exceeded 12 million tons.
The Tarim oil and gas basin of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is one of the largest in China. Recently, the Bozi-1302 well was put into operation here at the southern foot of the Tien Shan Mountains. This is the 67th operating highly productive gas well at the ultra-deep Bozi-Dabei gas condensate field.
Wang Pan, Head of the Dabei Processing Station of PetroChina:
"Condensate production in oil and gas equivalent at the Bozi-Dabei field is growing annually by more than a million tons, of which the increase in gas condensate production exceeds one billion cubic meters, and the increase in oil condensate exceeds 100,000 tons. This makes it possible to produce more than 10 million tons of oil and gas condensate annually at the Tarim field."
Condensate oil, also called natural gasoline, is a valuable petrochemical resource that is in high demand in China. Most of the gas condensate deposits in the Tarim basin are located in rock crevices at a depth of more than 7 kilometers. Taking into account the difficult ground and underground conditions, this is one of the most labor–intensive deposits in nature.
Chen Dong, Director of the Natural Gas Department of the PetroChina Research Institute:
"In total, 14 deep gas condensate fields are operated at the Tarim oil field. A total of 14 billion cubic meters of gas condensate and 1.5 million tons of oil condensate are produced here annually." 
PetroChina plans to increase the production of oil and gas condensate, including by overcoming bottlenecks and applying innovations. To do this, the management activates scientific and technological research in this direction.
China has launched the first megaton-scale carbon capture and storage project 
China has officially launched its first megaton-scale offshore carbon capture and storage project. Joint work in Guangdong Province is carried out by the China National Petroleum Corporation, the Guangdong Development and Reform Commission, the Chinese branch of Shell and ExxonMobil (("Exxonmobil")). 
The new carbon capture and storage project involves the separation of carbon dioxide from industrial sources, its transportation to the storage site and long-term isolation. This will allow enterprises to reduce their carbon footprint, and the region to approach carbon neutrality. There are more than 40 petrochemical plants in Guangdong Province alone, and one of the largest petrochemical bases in China is located here. 
Special trapping devices are used to collect and compress carbon dioxide. Then the collected carbon is transported to the nearby water area near the mouth of the Pearl River via pipelines for shelf storage or geological disposal. According to preliminary calculations, this marine area will be able to store more than 100 billion tons of carbon dioxide.  
Chinese astronomers have discovered 9 lithium-rich stars
A team of researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences has discovered nine new non-evolved stars with a high lithium content. Previously, it was believed that the appearance of this chemical element in stars is possible only in the process of their evolution.
The study was conducted using the LAMOST telescope in Hebei Province and published in the authoritative American Astrophysical Journal. The article notes that lithium in stars could appear due to accretion - that is, an increase in the mass of a celestial body from gravitational attraction, since seven of the nine stars discovered by scientists rotate rapidly. According to Chinese researchers, the discovery of these unusual stars could be a breakthrough in science. 
The Chinese telescope LAMOST, with the help of which celestial bodies with lithium were discovered, began work in 2008 and is still widely used for space exploration. 

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