Opening Asia for Russia

Russia celebrates Air Fleet Day

16.08.2020 83 просмотров

Today is the professional holiday of aviators and aviation infrastructure workers in Russia.


In accordance with the resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation of September 28, 1992, it is celebrated annually, on the third Sunday of August. Also on the Day of the Air Fleet, festive events are held in honor of the Day of the Russian Air Force, celebrated on August 12.

The first Russian aircraft heavier than air was the monoplane created in 1883 by the inventor Alexander Mozhaisky. In 1909-1914, a number of original aircraft designed by Yakov Gakkel, Dmitry Grigorovich, Igor Sikorsky and others appeared.

On July 15, 1923, the first regular internal line Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod was opened. At first, transportation was carried out under the Dobrolyot brand. In March 1932, the civil aviation company of the USSR was named Aeroflot. In the mid-1950s, Aeroflot began operating passenger flights on jet aircraft (Tu-104).

According to the latest published statistics of the Federal Air Transport Agency, in May 2020, 241 airfields operated in Russia (including 78 international airports ) and six heliports.

109 airlines held valid commercial air operator certificates in July 2020. According to the results of the first half of this year, Russian civil aviation transported 27 million 819 thousand 417 passengers (a decrease of 51.8% from the same period in 2019). The reason for such a significant drop in traffic was the restrictions imposed in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic.

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To the share of the country's five airlines leading in terms of the number of passengers carried (Aeroflot, Sibir, Pobeda, Ural Airlines) , UTair), in January-June 2020 accounted for 69.8% of the total volume of passenger traffic. At the end of July 2020, Sibir (S7 Airlines brand, S-Seven Airlines) ranked first in terms of traffic volume in the Russian Federation with 1.34 million passengers, followed by Pobeda (1.04 million), Aeroflot (1.03 million), Rossiya (776 thousand) and Ural Airlines (662 thousand).
Domestic passenger traffic in the first half of 2020 amounted to 19 million 85 thousand 734 people ( decrease by 42.5%), at international level — 8 million 733 thousand 683 people (decrease by 64.3%). The percentage of passenger seat occupancy amounted to 71.2% (a drop of 10.4 percentage points).

In January-June 2020, Russian civil aviation transported 511 thousand 545.41 tons of cargo and mail (by 2, 9% less than a year earlier).

The number of civil aviation aircraft of the Russian Federation involved in regular and non-scheduled flights in the first half of 2020 amounted to 2,587 units, which is 74 units less than in the same period period of 2019.

Russia is developing and manufacturing new aircraft models. Since 2011, regular flights have been carried out by the Superjet 100 passenger liner (“Superjet-100”). Irkut Corporation is developing the MC-21, a family of passenger short- and medium-haul aircraft, the deliveries of which to customers should begin in 2021 (the MC-21 made its first flight in Irkutsk on May 28, 2017). The resumption of mass production of the Il-114 regional turboprop airliner is scheduled for 2023 (the first flight of the new Il-114-300 modification is scheduled for September 2020). In addition, the first flight of the Russian-Chinese wide-body long-range aircraft CR929, which is being developed jointly by the United Aircraft Corporation and China's COMAC, is planned for 2023.

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