Opening Asia for Russia

International experts discussed the security of Central Asia

18.09.2021 78 просмотров

An international expert meeting was held in Nur-Sultan. The topic of discussion was "Assessment of the situation in Afghanistan in the context of ensuring regional security in Central Asia."


Event organized by the Center for Analytical Research "Eurasian Monitoring" together with the Russian House in Nur-Sultan, IA "Spuntnik Kazakhstan ” with the support of Arguments and Facts Kazakhstan, was held at the site of the Sputnik international multimedia press center in Nur-Sultan and Bishkek. The discussion was attended by experts from Kazakhstan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan.


During the discussion, the experts assessed the current situation in Afghanistan from a global point of view, discussed the challenges and threats for the Central Asian region against the backdrop of the destabilization of the situation in the Afghan-Pakistan region, and also existing risks due to the situation with refugees from Afghanistan.


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Addressing the participants of the discussion, the representative of the Russian house in Nur-Sultan Konstantin Vorobyov mentioned on the CSTO Council that ended in Dushanbe:


“The CSTO Council in Dushanbe completed its work today, where the topic of Afghanistan was also on the agenda. It will be important if today the meeting participants focus primarily on the humanitarian aspects”,” said Konstantin Vorobyov.


The meeting was attended by an outstanding scientist, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, scientific director of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Vitaly Naumkin. He noted that in the political situation in Afghanistan, the interests of many regional powers converge.


“The situation in the region that unites the Middle East and Central Asia is unpredictable. Russia's relations with the Central Asian states are one of the important indicators of stability and security. And as long as such organizations as the SCO and the CSTO exist, we can work by coordinating all actions. However, this does not make the threat any less. And one of them appeared in connection with the events that arose in Afghanistan”, ‒ said Vitaly Naumkin.


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V. Naumkin also emphasized that the coming of the Taliban to power was not unexpected: “I would not say that the rise to power of the Taliban* was unexpected, rather unpredictable was the speed with which they did it. And what happened was a challenge for the Taliban themselves, when they suddenly got under the control of a country with a population of 40 million people. This territory is rich in resources and is of great geostrategic importance. Today, all the countries of Central Asia have to decide on a policy in the region,”, the expert noted.


The speaker also noted that the heads of the countries of the Central Asian region need to make a decision on providing humanitarian assistance to the people of Afghanistan.


“Many say that today Afghanistan poses a threat to Central Asia in terms of possible destabilization of the situation. If you look at the composition of the government of this country, then in the leadership of the new system   management 17 people are on the "black list" of the Americans. I think that there is a need to provide humanitarian assistance to the local population. After all, now the socio-economic situation is not at the best level. That is why, I believe that the issue of providing humanitarian assistance to the population of Afghanistan should appear on the agenda of the countries of Central Asia,”, concluded Vitaly Naumkin.


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An independent political scientist of the Kyrgyz Republic Edil Osmonbetov gave his assessment of the situation in Afghanistan.


“There are different assessments of how the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan will affect Central Asia. Of course, the Taliban (a terrorist organization banned in the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation created a new geopolitical reality for the countries of the Central Asian region. Security and refugees are on the agenda for all countries in the region. A huge amount of resources will now be spent not on domestic projects but on strengthening borders and internal security.I think that the new government will face a number of difficulties ahead - the onset of winter, economic issues, etc. So far, none of the world powers has declared that it recognizes the legitimacy of the transfer of power in Afghanistan


The assessment of the threat of the Afghan crisis for the CIS countries was given by the head of the sector for the study of ethnopolitics and conflictology of the Center for Geopolitical Studies "Berlek- Unity" Artur Suleymanov from Ufa.


"When we talk about the situation in Afghanistan, we understand that it creates real threats and m can create numerous problems in our states. First of all, this problem develops due to the uncertainty of the situation, which is expressed in the recognition or non-recognition of the legitimacy of the current government in the international community. We are well aware that financial well-being in Afghanistan is ensured, among other things, through international subsidies. And if the legitimacy of the authorities is only partially recognized, then this could be a serious blow to the country's economy,”, ‒ said Artur Suleimanov.


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The speaker also expressed concern about the emergence of destructive communications in Afghanistan.


“If we talk about the loss of control, then today we see its absence behind the state-forming functions and the legitimate use of force. We do not know how the state apparatus will be formed, not to mention how competent the cadres that are being formed today in the public sector are. In addition, there is the possibility of destructive communications between militants from Syria and the territorial divisions of other terrorist organizations. Of course, we hear the Taliban (an organization banned in Russia) say that they plan to fight other organizations, but at the same time, when it comes to some commercial projects, there are risks of destructive communications”, Arthur Suleimanov emphasized.


The expert also dwelled on the issue of measures to counter the spread of international terrorism, which are currently being applied on the territory of the CSTO member countries.


“If we are talking about traditional countermeasures, then these are, first of all, diplomatic measures, when various negotiation platforms are created. Speaking of military-technical cooperation, we see the integration of interaction between our states through the CSTO. However, in addition to diplomatic and military technical resources, I would like to pay closer attention to information resources. The formation of an information campaign around the events in Afghanistan is an important factor that allows minimizing risks and challenges. That is why we need to strengthen comprehensive information work not only within the framework of the CSTO Council, but also through the Eurasian Economic Union. Although we are well aware that the EAEU does not deal with such issues, but here we are talking more about some kind of synchronization in the information field. Because in the context of a hybrid confrontation, the formation of informational noise around Afghanistan is very significant,”, the expert concluded.


All experts stressed the importance of organizing such discussions at different venues.

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