Opening Asia for Russia

Impact of social networks discussed in Kyrgyzstan

28.04.2021 54 просмотров

Bishkek hosted an international online conference on the topic: "Social networks as a tool to influence the minds of young people."

The discussion was attended by media experts and analysts from Belarus, Russia and Kyrgyzstan, as well as teachers and students of universities in the Kyrgyz Republic. The conference was organized by the Eurasians - New Wave Foundation.

Experts and young people analyzed the impact of new media on the life of modern society and discussed the latest Internet trends .

Pavel Dyatlenko, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of Kyrgyz- Russian Slavic University (Kyrgyzstan):

Bishkek Social networks Pavel Dyatlenko. jpg

“In the context of digitalization, state control over critical information infrastructure, including social networks and their national segments, is of strategic importance for preserving the sovereignty of the country and protecting the interests of citizens. The issue of the need for state control over the Internet, social networks and instant messengers was put on the agenda for nation-states after a series of coups d'état, known to us under the general name of the "Arab Spring", it was in those years that the new political term "Twitter revolution" appeared.

To date, the world has already accumulated a wealth of experience in the reasonable state regulation of the functioning of social networks. The post-Soviet countries also have their own experience. For example, Russia obliges transnational technology corporations to comply with the norms of national legislation, the countries of Central Asia and Belarus are gradually building their own models for controlling social networks and protecting citizens' personal data. In Kyrgyzstan, information security issues are reflected in a number of documents: these are the laws “On Informatization”, “On Amendments to the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic “On Informatization””; the concept of information security of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2019-2023 and digital transformation "Digital Kyrgyzstan" 2019-2023 etc.

Nikita Mendkovich, political scientist, head of the Eurasian Analytical Club ( Russia):

Bishkek Social networks Nikita Mendkovich.jpg

“Social networks are basically doing revolutionary things in the information field. Their popularity is explained by the fact that there you can avoid political correctness, and call a thief a thief, and a fool a fool. Which is simply unacceptable for traditional journalism.

Low demand for media products is also associated with a shortage of staff, funds and, as consequently, a drop in the quality of news and analytical materials. Many organizations are in no hurry to follow the informational and even technological agenda, work in social networks and instant messengers. Professionals go online, work independently. It is no secret that behind many Telegram and YouTube channels there are editorial offices that are not inferior to news agencies in terms of scale and capabilities. Social networks today are a continuation of professional media, just in a different scenery.

However, we must not forget about another point. The owners of some large platforms are getting the opportunity to censor content and influence the minds of users by promoting materials that benefit them. The latest protest actions in Russia were carried out with the active support of YouTube, which artificially increased the frequency of showing opposition videos for users from the Russian Federation. As a result, such videos appeared in the recommendations even for people who do not have any political interests. All this was done with one goal – for a person to watch the video, get inspired and come out to protest.”

Almaz Nasyrov, public administration expert (Kyrgyzstan) ):

Bishkek Social networks Almaz Nasyrov. jpg

“In Kyrgyzstan, over 60% of the population has access to high-speed Internet and are active users of social networks. This is a very good platform for interpersonal communication and professional growth, but social networks are also “liked” by banned organizations. They use them as portals for spreading destructive ideas and recruiting into their ranks.

In order to protect public interests, it is necessary to pursue a policy of effective regulation of the Internet space, taking into account the preservation of democratic society values. It is important to strengthen measures to ensure information and national security.”

Dmitry Belyakov, Director of the Center for the Study of Prospects for Integration of the EAEU ( Belarus):

Bishkek Social networks Dmitry Belyakov .jpg

“Telegram channels created to destabilize the situation in Belarus have fulfilled their tasks in full. We saw that blocking a messenger is a complex and lengthy process, but starting a channel is very easy. In addition, it allows you to forward and publish large messages. Against the background of such activity, the national media of Belarus simply lost.

Today, the country passed a law according to which it is forbidden to stream unauthorized actions. But the work in the field of information security cannot be completed here. The state resource is limited, it is important for all our countries to cooperate.

Why are streams so interesting, for example? Because an unprepared picture and lively speech create the effect of presence. Bloggers need to learn how to work with the audience. State bodies should work with effective tools.”

Dmitry Orlov, political scientist (Kyrgyzstan):

Bishkek Social networks Dmitry Orlov.jpg

largely ignited in social networks. Elsewhere in the world, social media has contributed to religious and ethnic violence. Suffice it to recall the aggression against Muslims in India and the Rohingya ethnic group in Myanmar. Protests in Iran in 2009 can be considered the first, let's say, “field tests” of social networks, but they went unnoticed by the public and were not widely discussed. Then there was a revolution in Tunisia and Egypt, and later in Libya and Ukraine.

Disinformation, including about the COVID-19 pandemic, is also spreading very quickly online . Therefore, state control over popular social networks is already being talked about in many countries of the world.”

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