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FEFU scientists have created a new method of rehabilitation for motor disorders

24.10.2022 ТАСС 67 просмотров

FEFU has created a method of rehabilitation for motor disorders using a virtual environment.

Scientists of the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) have developed a new method of rehabilitation for motor and vestibular disorders in virtual space using a special VR-immersion suit, neurosurgeon of the FEFU Medical Center and head of the scientific project "Scientific, Educational and Testing Ground: Artificial Intelligence and Digital Medical Services" Artur Biktimirov told TASS on Sunday.

"It [the method] works on the basis of the technology of functional electrical stimulation, acting with currents on a certain group of muscles of the patient, forcing him to make this or that movement. All this is reminiscent of the famous movie "Get Ready for the First Player", in which the main character uses a similar tactile suit," said Artur Biktimirov.

The project team has developed a rehabilitation program, as well as the virtual reality space itself, in which the patient will undergo rehabilitation. The system showed its relevance during the coronavirus pandemic, when a lot of people with disabilities could not attend rehabilitation centers. With the introduction of technology, patients with motor and vestibular disorders will be able to rent a suit and undergo rehabilitation at home, immersing themselves in a cosmic or fairy-tale environment with gamification elements. At the moment, the technology is being tested at the FEFU Medical Center, and another clinic in Ufa is also being connected to the system.

"The development of non-gaming programs for virtual reality is a complex, painstaking and demanding work. It is necessary to take into account many nuances, equipment requirements, constantly check any, even the most minimal change, constantly wearing a virtual reality helmet. However, the fact that I am developing not just a game, but a medical application, and the fact that I can see patients to whom it has helped improve the quality of life, allows me to understand that all my efforts are not in vain," said Mark Forov, the developer of VR immersion programs for rehabilitation.

Independent assessment of the condition In addition, Artur Biktimirov said, FEFU scientists have developed a system to support medical decision-making for the treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease.

The Neurovision program allows you to actually digitize the disease and bring all the data obtained to a single independent assessment. "At the moment, the program is being tested in several regions of the country - in the FEFU Medical Center, in clinics in Moscow and Ufa. The use of Neurovision provides an equally high level of medical examination, regardless of location - whether it is in Moscow or Vladivostok, the patient will receive an objective assessment of his health and appropriate treatment," said Artur Biktimirov.

The FEFU press service noted that one of the serious problems of modern medicine is the subjectivity of assessments of the patient's condition. There is a standard set of scales, tests and questionnaires that allow the doctor to examine the patient and give him a certain assessment. At the same time, the assessments of different specialists may differ, which means that the prescribed types of treatment also differ. According to research, such discrepancies in doctors' assessments can reach 20%, and even the same doctor, examining the patient after a short time, can change his initial opinion with a probability of 15-20% and put a different assessment.

The program developed at FEFU is a complex of computer vision and machine learning technologies, which analyzes and interprets the patient's medical data using artificial intelligence models, algorithms, scales and rules built into the system. Based on these data, she issues independent assessments and recommendations to the doctor, supported by various information.

The creation of a VR simulator and medical decision support systems are being implemented in FEFU thanks to the Priority 2030 program. According to Elena Kharisova, Vice-rector for Advanced Projects at FEFU, the university is conducting a number of other projects dedicated to the medical field within the framework of this program. Thus, scientists are creating a digital twin of the Department of neurosurgery of the FEFU Medical Center, discovering new methods for diagnosing brain tumors and modern bone biomaterials for use in traumatology and surgery. Several projects are related to the creation of medicines: industrial production of dietary supplements is being launched on the basis of the university, new generation medicines are also being developed based on unique marine organisms with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, as well as drugs to combat oncological and neurodegenerative diseases.

The goal of the Priority 2030 program is to support Russian universities on the way to creating new scientific knowledge, technologies and developments for further implementation in the Russian economy and social sphere. Within the framework of this program, the Far Eastern Federal University has identified five strategic projects: "World Ocean", "Life Sciences", "Physics and Materials Science", "Center for Digital Development", "Center for High-Tech Engineering". Their implementation will give an additional impetus to the development of the entire Far East and scale unique domestic technologies to the world level.

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