Opening Asia for Russia

From garden to table, agricultural modernization, wildlife revival—see China Panorama - 149

25.05.2022 300 просмотров

Watch China Panorama's outreach program on Greater Asia TV (Issue 149):
  • China's major farming and logistics centers maintain stable vegetable supplies amid pandemic
  • Inner Mongolia's Income Boosts with Modernized Farms
  • China Achieves Outstanding Biodiversity Conservation Performance





China's Major Farming and Logistics Centers Support Steady Vegetable Supply Amid Pandemic

Major Chinese vegetable production and logistics centers are working hard to mitigate the negative impact of the pandemic on agriculture and ensure stable supplies. For example, the city of Shouguang in Shandong province is helping farmers increase their yields through technological methods.

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Li Guangru, agricultural expert, Shouguang Agrarian and Rural Affairs Bureau:

“First, we need to improve irrigation and fertilizer management. Secondly, it is important to add top dressing on time. We usually visit greenhouses to solve problems on the spot. We also send video instructions to farmers. This helps to ensure the stability of the production and supply of vegetables.” 

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Shouguang not only supplies its own agricultural products, but also serves as a distribution center. The city ships over a thousand tons of fresh vegetables daily to Beijing, Jilin Province and other areas.

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In Anhui Province, authorities are helping farmers to improve their vegetable supply. For example, the agricultural base in Shucheng County has switched to growing fast-growing leafy varieties to improve yield and greenhouse efficiency. 

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Chen Shibing, farmer:

“We mainly grow leafy vegetables like amaranth and water spinach. Water spinach can be harvested in about 20 days, and amaranth in two weeks. My family has planted these plants in 50 greenhouses, the monthly production is about 30-35 tons.

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Local wholesale markets are also stocking vegetables from other regions to ensure uninterrupted supplies and stabilize market prices.

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People's income grows in Inner Mongolia thanks to modernized farms

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region authorities are encouraging the electrification of local farms to increase yields. 
This decision was made after the country's government gradually banned free grazing to reduce environmental damage. 

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In Tongliao County, the power supply department upgraded power lines to power tools and equipment after the transition in 2019 from free grazing to farming. 

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“My wife and I have more than 50 heads of cattle, more than 20 hectares of corn and two hectares of alfalfa, - < /i>said one of the farmers. -  The local power plant helped us build an electrified livestock system, and now we have achieved high rates in both agriculture and animal husbandry.”

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Currently, all 160 households in the region use modern electrified farming methods. Thanks to the modernization, the average annual income of each household has increased by 57,500 yuan.

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China achieves outstanding results in biodiversity conservation

Over the past 10 years, China has made great strides in the field of wildlife conservation. This spring, a record number of migratory birds were observed in the Tiaojini Wetland Park in Jiangsu Province.

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Tiaojini Wetland Park is one of the world's most important ecosystems and still China's only coastal wetland park listed as a World Natural Heritage Site. Every year, over a million migratory birds, representing more than 400 species, arrive here.

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Zhou Zhihua, Deputy Director of the Department of Wildlife Conservation, State Administration of Forestry and Steppe Economy of the People's Republic of China:

“China is one of the world leaders in biodiversity. There are 37 thousand species of wild plants and more than 7 thousand species of vertebrates in the country. In recent years, China has been constantly strengthening their protection, which makes it possible to preserve many populations with a tendency to increase.

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Yunnan is the most biodiverse province in China. Although it occupies only 4 percent of the country's territory, it has every type of ecosystem on earth except oceans and deserts.

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Over the past few years, Yunnan Province has begun to pay more attention to protecting the environment, rare animals and plants . By the end of last year, more than 350 reserves had been created in the region, which made it possible to effectively protect most of the protected species.

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As the environment improves, wildlife populations in the province are steadily growing. For example, observations in recent years in Changning County have shown a steady increase in the number of Hume pheasants, macaques and many other species protected by the state.
Populations of rare and endangered species of animals and plants are actively restored throughout the country.

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The number of giant pandas in the wild has increased to almost 2 thousand individuals, the population of wild and artificially bred crested ibises has exceeded 6 thousand, the number of wild Asian elephants has grown to about 300 heads, and there are already more than 300 thousand wild Tibetan antelopes.< br>
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