Opening Asia for Russia

Russian farmers are preparing to harvest a record harvest

11.09.2022 China Global Television Network (CGTN) 44 просмотров

Russia expects to harvest a record grain harvest this year – more than 140 million tons. According to forecasts, the volumes of corn, oilseeds and vegetable crops will also increase. 

This will make it possible to fully provide the country with food, and export the surplus abroad. However, it will first be necessary to overcome very significant sanctions barriers.

The end of summer is the beginning of the hottest time for farmers. While the weather is dry, it is necessary to collect as much grain as possible. This year they are going for a record – they expect a harvest at least 10-20% higher than last year.

"Our harvest of spring barley is about 59 quintals. Cleaning ends today. We collected about 50 quintals of peas per hectare, rapeseed collected 27 quintals of winter," said Vasily Filippov, chief agronomist of LLC "PH "Lazarevskoye".

The increase in acreage, smart technologies, and the weather – lucky. Snowy winter, rainy spring – all this gives high quality wheat. Flour will be made from it. Grain is transported from the fields to huge storage facilities. The capacity of this elevator is 40 thousand tons.

"It is designed for the future in terms of yield. We can increase yields without problems and take more grain here. The harvest is high this season. We have already filled 60% with wheat and barley," said Andrey Roshchupkin, Technical Director of LLC "PH "Lazarevskoye".

According to experts, there is no shortage of agricultural products in stores in the coming year.

"The harvest fully covers the country's needs for seeds, food, feed grains, and oilseeds. And, of course, there are not just surpluses, but grain is also grown for export. We need to export about 40 million or more tons of grain annually in order to stay on the world markets," said Petr Chekmarev, Chairman of the Committee for the Development of the Agro–Industrial Complex of the CCI of the Russian Federation.

Reducing exports is not in the interests of Russia. But the record volume of grain has every chance of becoming a no-go.

The year turned out to be fruitful both in terms of grain volumes and the number of difficulties associated with its export. Wheat supplies abroad decreased by 27% compared to last season. The number of buyers has also decreased – now it is 24 countries instead of 54.

Over the past two months, exports amounted to 6 million tons – this is the minimum figure for five years. Russian wheat has become too expensive for the countries of Central and South Africa. Because of the sanctions imposed against the background of the military conflict in Ukraine. Cargo ships from Russia cannot enter foreign ports, the Swift payment system does not work. Farmers are now looking for new buyers themselves.

"Now, for example, the Chinese corporation "Huamin" has shown interest in our enterprise and, perhaps, it will be exactly that trial balloon, and we ourselves will begin to export grain, including," said Kristina Romanovskaya, CEO and owner of LLC "PH "Lazarevskoye".

Vegetables are also exported. Potatoes were grown by 6-7% more this summer. Here, farmers believe, state support played a decisive role. The government has launched a program for the development of vegetable and potato growing. It provides financial assistance even at the stage of selection.

"After our entry into the federal scientific and technical program, we, first of all, increased the production of microtubers. If earlier we produced no more than 60-70 thousand pieces per year, now more than 400 thousand. The latest machinery, fertilizers, plant protection products and sorting equipment for potato storage facilities are also being purchased," said Alexey Ryazanov, head of the microclonal plant propagation laboratory at SeDeK Agricultural Company.

The state also helps in the sale of products on the domestic market. Farmers were the first to notice the effect.
"The head of the district is very interested in the farmers of our district being present on many shelves in supermarkets, markets. And there is a lot of support, thanks to her, we are now being sold in the local chain of raipo," said Albert Serov, a cheese maker.

Free trading places are offered to farmers as part of the small business support program. Entrepreneurs find new sales markets, get closer to the buyer and minimize costs.

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