Opening Asia for Russia

New opportunities for cooperation were discussed by experts from Russia and Kazakhstan

25.01.2022 73 просмотров

On January 19, Astrakhan hosted an international online meeting "New Kazakhstan - New Opportunities". The event was organized by the partners of the Eurasian Peoples' Assembly, the Center for International Studies "Caspian-Eurasia" (Astrakhan, Russia), Astrakhan State Technical University, as well as the Association of State Universities and Research Centers of the Caspian Countries.

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Regional policy requires modernization

In connection with the January events in Kazakhstan, experts gathered to discuss the strengthening of civil unity and humanitarian ties between the two states. Representatives of the universities of Kazakhstan, as well as Astrakhan, Kalmykia and Dagestan, joined the online discussion.

“Those events that took place in early January will still be subject to reflection and analysis by political scientists, conflictologists, and media experts. It is also important for us to discuss with you the events that have taken place in the context of vectors and scenarios for the development of regional ties. Including in the field of higher education,” said the moderator of the discussion, the head of the Caspian-Eurasia Center Ksenia Tyurenkova.

It should be noted that each speaker during the meeting first of all brought condolences to the relatives and friends of those killed in Kazakhstan at the beginning of January this year. As the head of the international department of the Astrakhan State Technical University Evgenia Yukina noted, now the task of representatives of higher education is not just to synchronize watches, but to understand how to educate young people in order to avoid or minimize conflicts in the future. ASTU President Yuri Pimenov emphasized that the past events are a starting point and a rethinking for each civil sector entity, including the university community:

“I wish peace and order to be restored in your country as soon as possible. I know that university professors did their best to prevent the spread of unrest within educational institutions.”

Sagyndyk Kulmatov, a professor at the West Kazakhstan Innovative Technological University from Uralsk, focused on resolving conflicts at the regional level. According to him, the regional policy in Kazakhstan has become part of the overall policy:

“We are seeing how, in the process of development, it went beyond critical parameters, which led to centralization. The center did not really imagine what was happening on the ground. Local government bodies ceased to be elected and began to be appointed, party lists are approved by the central body. And we see the consequences of this centralization in the Western region. I would like to see changes in relations between the center and the regions, since a strong vertical has a bad effect on the horizontal, the development of horizontal ties.”

The expert also recalled the speech of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, in which the leader of the state proposed to open in the West country at least five branches of higher educational institutions, including Russian technical universities. Speaking about such a measure as the redistribution of the budget, the expert noted that the flow of funds from the central treasury to the local ones is too superficial a measure:

“We will simply repeat what happened, but at the regional level. The change in regional policy should be understood as its modernization. It is necessary to build the work of managing the local economy in such a way that there is a direct dependence on the efficient local economy, and not just a consumer attitude to state resources. In social policy, it is necessary to develop human capital and get rid of dependent behavior, connect the educational resource, thereby increasing the quality and activity of the workforce. Politically, we need the formation of a strong regional elite that could share the responsibility. The expansion of political subjects at the regional level is the road to broad activity in a horizontal direction.”

Changes through reform

During the discussion, the experts repeatedly mentioned the introduction of the CSTO peacekeeping contingent into Kazakhstan.

> As noted by the professor of Atyrau University. Kh. Dosmukhamedova Saifula Sapanov, “Democracy must be defended”:

“The introduction of the CSTO troops was a key turning point for resolving issues of political transit, socio-economic development, and this is what President Kossym-Jomart Tokayev spoke about in his speech. Our minimum program for today is to solve the difficult tasks that the head of state set for the new government: high prices, the difference in regional development, youth employment, unemployment, the availability of mortgage lending. The maximum program is the development of international relations, the opening of technical universities, for which the priority is the development of science.”

The expert also stressed that Kazakhstan today does not plan to deviate from the course of economic reform, and the people expect changes within the framework of political reforms:

“Reforms determine the role of Kazakhstan in the world community. Tokayev is an experienced diplomat. He sees the role of Kazakhstan wider and higher than we can imagine. And, in my opinion, bilateral Russian-Kazakh relations are also reaching a new level. The introduction of peacekeeping troops was agreed with Putin. Tokayev thanked all the states, and especially Russia, Belarus and Armenia, thus showing that Kazakhstan has many friends on the world stage.”

Attention to the Kazakh agenda these days was riveted not only from the countries of the Caspian Sea. As Ksenia Tyurenkova noted, European political scientists also spoke about the past events:

“I propose to take the topic of the military and information security of the Caspian region into a separate event. The topic of the CSTO has turned out to be in demand these days, but we also say that a similar structure is needed for the countries of the Caspian basin.”

New projects - specialties in demand

The fact that Russian universities can and are ready to train specialists for work in the countries of the Caspian Sea, once again said the chairman of the Kazakh culture society "Zholdastyk" and professor of ASTU Ravil Arykbaev:

“I think that the situation will improve and we will meet more than once at such events . I believe that in any development of events, Russian-Kazakh relations will remain at a high level of trust, mutual understanding and good neighborliness. And we have specific proposals. Taking into account the orientation of the ASTU, as well as the construction of the seaport in Aktau, we understand that specialists in the field of shipbuilding and water tourism will be in demand there.

Attention to the youth

Since most of the experts at the event were representatives of the Caspian universities, then youth policy became a topical issue on the agenda. She was devoted to the report of a specialist of the Department of Youth Policy of the NAO Atyrau University. H. Dosmukhamedova Azamat Imandosova.

“Our youth is changing and wants new formats of work,” the expert noted. According to him, today in Kazakhstan young people are actively influenced by social networks.

“Many experts believe that we need to move away from bureaucracy and work more with young people. In a pandemic, it is difficult to coordinate offline events, but I believe that in the future we will be able to hold both the Caspian Youth Forum and creative youth events like the “Voice of the Caspian”. Communication between young people will allow us to get to know each other better.”

One of such projects, where young people from the countries of the “Caspian five” could meet and prove themselves, will be the project of the Caspian-Eurasia Center called “Eternal Dostoevsky ". This is a cycle of events dedicated to the 200th anniversary of the great Russian writer.

As an informal part of the event, a student of ASTU sang a song in Kazakh as a sign of friendship and good neighborliness between the two states.

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